Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue proposed a rule Jan. 16 to ensure that religious and non-religious organizations are treated equally in USDA programs.
Perdue is implementing the rule based on President Trump's Executive Order No. 13831 regarding the establishment of a White House Faith and Opportunity Initiative.
The proposed rule ensures that USDA-supported social service programs are implemented in a manner consistent with the Constitution and other applicable federal law, and it also builds on Secretary Perdue’s 2017 Policy Statement on First Amendment that reestablished USDA’s commitment to safeguarding every American’s First Amendment rights.
“Our nation was founded on the bedrock of religious liberty and the right of every person to pursue their desired faith without government interference. As a government agency, it is incumbent upon us to respect the rights of our citizens with every action our USDA employees undertake,” said Perdue. “The men and women of American agriculture are the salt of the earth and know how important preserving our rights as Americans is to the success of future generations. The freedoms to think, speak, and assemble are essential to our system of government and are the keys to why America is flourishing.”
Under current regulations that govern USDA supported programs, religious providers of social services—but not other providers of social services—must make referrals under certain circumstances and must post notices regarding this referral procedure. Consistent with President Trump’s Executive Order No. 13831, the USDA’s proposed rule would eliminate them from USDA regulations. As the USDA’s proposed rule observes, these burdens were not required by any applicable law, and because they were imposed only on religious social service providers, they are in tension with recent Supreme Court precedent regarding nondiscrimination against religious organizations. The proposed rule also will foreclose other unequal treatment of religious organizations by ensuring that they are not required to provide assurances or notices that are not required of secular organizations.
By compelling religious organizations, but not secular organizations, to post special notices and make referrals, the alternative-provider requirements unequally placed burdens on religious organizations.
In addition, the proposed rule will clarify that religious organizations may apply for awards on the same basis as any other organization and that when USDA selects award recipients, USDA will not discriminate based on an organization’s religious character. The proposed rule also clarifies that religious organizations participating in USDA-supported programs retain their independence from the government and may continue to carry out their missions consistent with religious freedom protections in federal law.
The proposed rule incorporates the Attorney General’s 2017 Memorandum for All Executive Departments and Agencies, Federal Law Protections for Religious Liberty. That memorandum guides all federal administrative agencies and executive departments in complying with federal law.