July 4, 2019
Towers between 50 and 200 feet tall with an above-ground base of less than 10 feet in diameter in rural areas are legally required to be marked and/or logged in a database the FAA is currently developing.
Under the provisions in both the FAA Extension, Safety and Security Act of 2016 and the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018, meteorological evaluation towers meeting the requirements stipulated in the bills must be both marked and logged in to the FAA database. Communication towers of the same size have the option to be either be marked or logged in the FAA database.
The FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018 requires this database to be functional by October 2019. The FAA is also finalizing the marking requirements for these towers, but they are widely expected to be similar to the standards found in FAA Advisory Circular 70/7460-1L.
Prior to the imminent release of these rules, the National Agricultural Aviation Association encourages landowners to preemptively mark their towers and voluntarily log towers on their property into the FAA's Daily Digital Obstacle File (Daily DOF). The Daily DOF is an obstacle database that contains mostly obstructions above 200 feet, with obstructions below 200 feet submitted on a voluntary basis. The Daily DOF gives an obstruction's location, height and type of marking (if any). Information on the tower's owner or property owner is not asked for or publicly given.
NAAA is encouraging farmers and landowners to preemptively comply with these regulations because since 2008 there have been 22 tower-related agricultural aircraft accidents resulting in nine fatalities. The number of accidents and fatalities is even higher when other low-level operations such as EMS-Medivac operations are included.
North Dakota farmer and aerial applicator Brian Rau has a 96-foot-tall RTK tower on his property. Short for "real time kinematic," RTK towers supplement the GPS systems of automated ground-based farm equipment. As an aerial applicator, Rau knows the importance of having such towers both marked and logged into appropriate FAA databases, regardless of legal requirements. He added florescent ball markers within the structure's skeleton soon after it was converted from a communications tower to an RTK tower. This year Rau took the additional step of providing the coordinates of his tower to the FAA's Obstacle Data Team for inclusion in the Daily DOF.
"Seeing the growth of communication towers in North Dakota and across the county, I knew it was important to both mark and properly log the tower," Rau said. "Submitting the tower to be included in the FAA's Daily Digital Obstacle File only took minutes and was well worth a few moments of my time."
From a safety perspective, being transparent about the existence of low-level obstacles is vital to agricultural pilots and other aircraft flying in the airspace between zero and 400 feet, such as police and first responder aircraft, aerial firefighters and pipeline patrol pilots. The FAA's Digital Obstacle File provides information about potential obstacles in pilots' flight path before they take off. Once pilots download the FAA's Digital Obstacle File or Daily DOF, they can import it into Geographic Information Systems applications, such as agricultural aviation applications.
FAA Advisory Circular 70/7460-1L details the ways different types of obstructions may be marked. The document provides specifications on lighting systems, colors and light intensities. As an alternative to lighting, the document also explains tools for the "unlighted marking" of obstructions. This includes paint colors and patterns, as well as specifications for guy wire sleeves and high-visibility spherical markers.
In addition to the human cost, a precedent has been established increasing the likelihood that landowners and tower manufacturers could be held financially liable for tower-related accidents. In 2014, a milestone court settlement was reached when a group of defendants representing tower manufacturing, wind energy, land-owning and farming interests agreed to pay $6.7 million to the family of agricultural aviator Steve Allen to settle a wrongful death action brought against the tower entities for failing to mark a 197-foot meteorological evaluation tower or make Allen aware of its location prior to his fatal collision with the tower in 2011. From eyewitness accounts, it was clear Allen never saw the unmarked tower before he struck it.
Landowners and farmer may submit an obstruction to the FAA's Daily Digital Obstacle File by emailing the tower's height and coordinates to [email protected].
Source: National Ag Aviation Association, which is solely responsible for the information provided and is wholly owned by the source. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.
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