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Learn about proper spraying technique from soybean leavesLearn about proper spraying technique from soybean leaves

What you learn may surprise you, because it may be that you should have applied more volume!

Tom Bechman 1

July 21, 2016

3 Min Read

Remember the days before Roundup Ready soybeans and the massive switch to glyphosate? Soybean fields often took on a somewhat bronzed look in the summer after postemergence herbicide applications. That was due to the herbicide applied for broadleaf control.  At the time, most agronomists determined that soybeans typically grew out of the damage, and there was little or no yield loss in most cases.

Today some of the products being used in postemergence applications besides glyphosate again produce some leaf burn. And like before, most agronomists say the beans grow out of it. It’s often possible to find new, normal growth within a reasonably short period after application.


In fact, too little leaf burn after a postemergence herbicide application with a product that produces burn might be sending a signal, says Dan Childs, weed management tech representative with Monsanto.

“This leaf shows just a small amount of speckling from the herbicide,” he says while holding up a leaf (far right in photo).  “That means there wasn’t enough herbicide reaching that leaf to produce as much burn as we typically see with the product that was applied.”

While that may sound like a good thing, remember that some soybean burn, especially at that stage, hasn’t shown it affects yield, Childs says. It also means the weeds you were trying to control didn’t see as much herbicide coverage either.


Note the leaf on the left in the photo with two leaves. It shows a more typical pattern of leaf burn in soybeans after a herbicide application, Childs says. Comparing the two, weeds around the leaf with more burn probably saw better coverage of the herbicide than weeds around the leaf with only speckling on it.

“We need sufficient coverage of the product to get good control of weeds,” Childs says. Insufficient coverage is one of the reasons why some weeds aren’t completely killed, and instead put out regrowth.

Coverage can be a function of several things, including spray volume per acre and spray pressure. If products are most effective when applied at 20 gallons per acre and are only applied at 10 gallons per acre to speed up the process and require handling less water, for example, coverage may be affected. In turn, weed control may be affected.

How much burn you find on a leaf may seem like a small thing, Childs notes. But if you remember the basics and realize that some leaf burn also means coverage on weeds, it may be a clue as to why a herbicide didn’t perform as well as you had hoped. It may also be a sign that you might want to consider making adjustments in volume applied or pressure next time around. Always refer to product labels for information about recommended spraying rates, volumes and pressures, Childs concludes.

About the Author(s)

Tom Bechman 1

Editor, Indiana Prairie Farm

Tom Bechman is an important cog in the Farm Progress machinery. In addition to serving as editor of Indiana Prairie Farmer, Tom is nationally known for his coverage of Midwest agronomy, conservation, no-till farming, farm management, farm safety, high-tech farming and personal property tax relief. His byline appears monthly in many of the 18 state and regional farm magazines published by Farm Progress.

"I consider it my responsibility and opportunity as a farm magazine editor to supply useful information that will help today's farm families survive and thrive," the veteran editor says.

Tom graduated from Whiteland (Ind.) High School, earned his B.S. in animal science and agricultural education from Purdue University in 1975 and an M.S. in dairy nutrition two years later. He first joined the magazine as a field editor in 1981 after four years as a vocational agriculture teacher.

Tom enjoys interacting with farm families, university specialists and industry leaders, gathering and sifting through loads of information available in agriculture today. "Whenever I find a new idea or a new thought that could either improve someone's life or their income, I consider it a personal challenge to discover how to present it in the most useful form, " he says.

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