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Bald 'Eagle Cam' links eagle comeback with water qualityBald 'Eagle Cam' links eagle comeback with water quality

Water quality still plays a key role in the bald eagle's resurgence in Pennsylvania, contends Chesapeake Bay Foundation official.

John Vogel

January 18, 2016

2 Min Read

A new season of Pennsylvania's most popular, high-flying reality show is back online. It's the Eagle Cam , courtesy of Pennsylvania Game Commission.

Caution though: The eagles aren't always home on the nest, and all you'll see and hear is the wind blowing trees in the breeze. Millions are expected to log-on to the website and watch as live-streaming cameras show nature's drama perched high in an island tree on the edge of a bald eagle nest in the middle of Lake Marburg near Hanover, Pa. It's an on-cam window-peek at nature like never before.


New cameras and microphones were installed in November. They're powered by a hard line running down the tree to an electrical panel several feet from the base of the tree.

Last year, nest peepers went online more than 1.5 million times last year to see a pair of bald eagle raising two eaglets. They saw the entire process, from "nestorations" in January, laying of the eggs in February, hatching in March, and the eaglets leaving the nest in June, as it happened.

Their water-quality link
Bald eagle nesting sites are never far from water, points out Harry Campbell, Pennsylvania executive director of the Chesapeake Bay Foundation. In the Codorus State Park, it's Lake Marburg. A similar eagle nest camera perches in a towering Hackberry along the Monongahela River near Pittsburgh, courtesy of the Western Pennsylvania Audubon Society.

"Streams, lakes, and rivers are key habitat for bald eagles. Fish make up almost 90% of a bald eagle's diet," he adds. The Codorus eagles feed on fish from Lake Marburg, Codorus Creek, and other York County waterways. Bass is a biggie on the Monongahela menu list.

Clean water and availability of healthy fish and other aquatic life are important to the bald eagle's recovery in Pennsylvania, claims Campbell. "It's another reason we must make progress in restoring the 19,000 miles of waterways in Pennsylvania that are polluted."

Fish still threatened
Water quality is improving in Pennsylvania, he acknowledges. But more progress is necessary.

The latest multi-year study of the causes behind the deaths of young smallmouth bass, and lesions and spots on older smallmouths in the Susquehanna River support that concern, adds the CBF official. "Some of those fish are served up in bald eagle nests throughout central Pennsylvania.

"Endocrine-disrupting compounds and herbicides, and pathogens and parasites, are the two most-likely causes of diseased, dying fish in the Susquehanna. They're part of a "perfect storm" of compounds such as cosmetics, detergents, pharmaceuticals and hormones in animal and human wastes that find their way into the diets of bald eagles and other wildlife."

About the Author(s)

John Vogel

Editor, American Agriculturist

For more than 38 years, John Vogel has been a Farm Progress editor writing for farmers from the Dakota prairies to the Eastern shores. Since 1985, he's been the editor of American Agriculturist – successor of three other Northeast magazines.

Raised on a grain and beef farm, he double-majored in Animal Science and Ag Journalism at Iowa State. His passion for helping farmers and farm management skills led to his family farm's first 209-bushel corn yield average in 1989.

John's personal and professional missions are an integral part of American Agriculturist's mission: To anticipate and explore tomorrow's farming needs and encourage positive change to keep family, profit and pride in farming.

John co-founded Pennsylvania Farm Link, a non-profit dedicated to helping young farmers start farming. It was responsible for creating three innovative state-supported low-interest loan programs and two "Farms for the Future" conferences.

His publications have received countless awards, including the 2000 Folio "Gold Award" for editorial excellence, the 2001 and 2008 National Association of Ag Journalists' Mackiewicz Award, several American Agricultural Editors' "Oscars" plus many ag media awards from the New York State Agricultural Society.

Vogel is a three-time winner of the Northeast Farm Communicators' Farm Communicator of the Year award. He's a National 4-H Foundation Distinguished Alumni and an honorary member of Alpha Zeta, and board member of Christian Farmers Outreach.

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