Delta Farm Press Logo

USDA projects cotton acreage at 13.15 million

• Since the surveys were taken, a lot of farmers in the Delta have been talking about shifting to corn.• If realized, this will represent the highest planted corn acreage in the United States since 1937 when an estimated 97.2 million acres were planted.• Soybean planted area for 2012 is estimated at 73.9 million acres, down 1 percent from last year and down 5 percent from 2010.

Elton Robinson 1

March 30, 2012

2 Min Read

USDA is projecting U.S. cotton planted area for 2012 at 13.15 million acres, 11 percent below last year.

But the estimate of intended cotton acres, from USDA’s March 30 Prospective Plantings report, may already be starting to fall as cotton producers shift some intended acres to corn, according to analysts.

“Since the surveys were taken, a lot of farmers in the Delta have been talking about shifting to corn,” said cotton analyst Mike Stevens, speaking at the Ag Market Network’s March 30 conference call. “The average guess for cotton acres was coming in at around 12.7 million to 12.8 million acres.”

Cotton acreage is expected to total 12.9 million acres, down 11 percent from 2011. American Pima acreage is expected to total 270,000 acres, down 12 percent from 2011.

Upland cotton acres are projected lower for every cotton-producing state except Missouri, which is unchanged from last year, and South Carolina, where acreage is expected to increase by 12 percent.

Corn growers intend to plant 95.9 million acres of corn for all purposes in 2012, up 4 percent from last year and 9 percent higher than in 2010. If realized, this will represent the highest planted acreage in the United States since 1937 when an estimated 97.2 million acres were planted.

Soybean planted area for 2012 is estimated at 73.9 million acres, down 1 percent from last year and down 5 percent from 2010. Compared with 2011, planted area is down or unchanged across the Corn Belt and Great Plains with the exceptions of Illinois, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Wheat planted area is estimated at 55.9 million acres, up 3 percent from 2011. Winter wheat planted area, at 41.7 million acres, is up 3 percent from last year but down 1 percent from the previous estimate.

Of this total, about 29.9 million acres are hard red winter, 8.4 million acres are soft red winter, and 3.5 million acres are white winter.

Area planted to other spring wheat for 2012 is estimated at 12 million acres, down 3 percent from 2011. Of this total, about 11.3 million acres are hard red spring wheat. Durum planted area for 2012 is estimated at 2.22 million acres, up 62 percent from the previous year.

Area planted to rice in 2012 is expected to total 2.56 million acres, down 5 percent from 2011 and the lowest planted acreage since 1987.

Higher prices for competing commodities and poor export demand contributed to the expected decline in rice acres compared with last year, according to USDA. While long and short grain acres are expected to be up slightly, medium grain acres are down 24 percent from last year.

Area planted to rice in Arkansas, the largest rice-producing state, is at the lowest level since 1989. In California, where water supply remains questionable, growers intend to plant 7 percent fewer acres to rice than in 2011. If realized, area planted to rice in Mississippi will be the lowest since 1977.

[email protected]

 

About the Author(s)

Elton Robinson 1

Editor, Delta Farm Press

Elton joined Delta Farm Press in March 1993, and was named editor of the publication in July 1997. He writes about agriculture-related issues for cotton, corn, soybean, rice and wheat producers in west Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana and southeast Missouri. Elton worked as editor of a weekly community newspaper and wrote for a monthly cotton magazine prior to Delta Farm Press. Elton and his wife, Stephony, live in Atoka, Tenn., 30 miles north of Memphis. They have three grown sons, Ryan Robinson, Nick Gatlin and Will Gatlin.

Subscribe to receive top agriculture news
Be informed daily with these free e-newsletters

You May Also Like


Aug 29 - Aug 31, 2023
Farm Progress Show annually hosts more than 600 exhibitors displaying new farm equipment, tractors, combines and farm implements; seed and crop protection products; and many additional farm supplies and services.
LEARN MORE