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Farmers say the model has not properly counted all of their best management practices.

Chris Torres, Editor, American Agriculturist

January 25, 2019

2 Min Read
Landscape view of poultry barns
POULTRY PROGRESS: Delaware has kept 15 years’ worth of data on poultry litter. That data is now being fed into the Chesapeake Bay model, which has led to a big reduction in the state’s portion of nutrient loading into the bay watershed.

I’ve been following the Chesapeake Bay cleanup for at least 10 years, and the one thing that I’ve consistently heard from people I’ve interviewed over the years is this: Farmers don’t get enough credit for what they’re doing.

A lot of that has to do with what’s being reported to the government. The Chesapeake Bay Program, which coordinates the cleanup of the bay among six states and Washington, D.C., gets information on land practices based on the number of acres enrolled in a government-funded program.

So, if a farmer has taken FSA money to put a conservation practice on the farm, it’s counted in the model and the state gets credit for whatever nutrient reduction comes from it.

But I’ve learned in 10 years of reporting that there are a lot of farmers who have taken it upon themselves to put in a best management practice without government money. Farmers have found that putting in certain BMPs benefits the bottom line so much that they feel comfortable buying cover crop seed or doing a Pre-sidedress Soil Nitrate Test (PSNT) without government help.

Unfortunately, many of these practices have never been counted in the model. That’s important, considering the model is the government’s way of estimating each state’s progress toward reducing the overall nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment loads into the bay.

Hopefully, last year’s update to Phase 6 of the Chesapeake Bay Modeling Tool will help get more of these practices counted and give farmers the credit they are due.

Positive changes are already being seen in Delaware, the smallest state in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

I attended Delaware Ag Week in Harrington in January and heard a talk by Chris Brosch, administrator of the state’s nutrient management program. He said the new model has allowed the state to incorporate new data on PSNT testing along with newer best management practices such as poultry mortality freezers, water control structures and cover crop mixes.

So, if a farmer plants a small grain with a radish, a brassica or another legume, they can get credit for the leftover nutrient that is taken up by a green plant the following spring.

The new model is also taking in 15 years’ worth of data on poultry litter across the entire region. The state has collected this data through manure samples farmers have provided over the years at no cost.

Brosch said the updated information helped reduce Delaware’s nitrogen and phosphorus loads in the model by more than 20%.

Granted, Delaware constitutes just 1% of the total land mass in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, so any changes in nutrient loads will be magnified. Still, what’s happening in The First State is good to see.

Sometime this year, new Watershed Implementation Plans will be handed over to EPA to check how states will finalize having pollution practices in place by 2025, the deadline for the Chesapeake Bay pollution diet.

Farmers deserve credit for what they’re doing. Hopefully, finally, this model will acknowledge that.

About the Author(s)

Chris Torres

Editor, American Agriculturist

Chris Torres, editor of American Agriculturist, previously worked at Lancaster Farming, where he started in 2006 as a staff writer and later became regional editor. Torres is a seven-time winner of the Keystone Press Awards, handed out by the Pennsylvania Press Association, and he is a Pennsylvania State University graduate.

Torres says he wants American Agriculturist to be farmers' "go-to product, continuing the legacy and high standard (former American Agriculturist editor) John Vogel has set." Torres succeeds Vogel, who retired after 47 years with Farm Progress and its related publications.

"The news business is a challenging job," Torres says. "It makes you think outside your small box, and you have to formulate what the reader wants to see from the overall product. It's rewarding to see a nice product in the end."

Torres' family is based in Lebanon County, Pa. His wife grew up on a small farm in Berks County, Pa., where they raised corn, soybeans, feeder cattle and more. Torres and his wife are parents to three young boys.

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