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Weigh these 57 rates for 2017 custom workWeigh these 57 rates for 2017 custom work

Maryland custom work survey of 57 tasks offers guidelines for what to charge or pay.

John Vogel

March 21, 2017

2 Min Read
PRECISION COSTS, BUT PAYS: Custom-rate planting will cost more this spring, according to this Maryland survey.

Spring is often when farmers and landowners begin checking custom rates for hired tasks. As American Agriculturist has reported in the past, those numbers aren’t easy to come by.

Pennsylvania’s custom rate survey wasn’t conducted this year, due to state ag department budget cuts. See the end of this story for how to access the 2016 Pennsylvania machinery custom rates.

The accompanying custom work charges come from University of Maryland Extension’s 2017 survey. For your convenience, the accompanying chart categorizes charges as average and median values tabulated from 40 custom operators and farmers. The survey, conducted every two years, was headed by Shannon Dill, University of Maryland Extension educator.

Due to the smaller number of responses, tasks with two or less responses were dropped from the accompanying table. As with any survey, the more responses, the more reliable are the numbers. In 2015, rates were collected from 77 cooperators.

Charges can vary widely. The "average" or mean is the midpoint between the top and bottom charges, explains Dill. You get it by adding up the values of all reported charges, then dividing that sum by the number of reports. Median refers to the number in the middle of the range. It's less sensitive to extremes, and is a better measure than the average, she adds.

Some variations may be due to lack of awareness of local competition or how many jobs are accepted by custom operators, she adds. Again, the greater the number of responses, the more reliable the data. Other factors include location, field size and topography; crop yields, soil conditions, weather conditions, work quality, equipment size and timeliness.

Notable trends
Most custom operations varied little from 2015 to 2017. But here are a few more notable averages that have steadily increased since 2011:

• Moldboard plowing averages have trended higher since 2011, rising 24% from 2015 to 2017.

• Corn planting — no-till and conventional — also has trended higher since 2011, rising 15% to 22% from 2015 to 2017.

• Soybean planting — no-till and conventional — also trended higher since 2011, rising 15% to 18% from 2015 to 2017.

• Combining corn, soybeans and small grains rose 9% to 10% from 2015 to 2017.

Maryland’s full 2017 report, including all rates having responses, minimum and maximum charges, plus comparative rates with previous surveys, can be found here.

For Pennsylvania’s 2016 Machinery Custom Rate report, click on this story "2016 Pennsylvania custom rate guide arrives".  Or download it directly from here.

About the Author(s)

John Vogel

Editor, American Agriculturist

For more than 38 years, John Vogel has been a Farm Progress editor writing for farmers from the Dakota prairies to the Eastern shores. Since 1985, he's been the editor of American Agriculturist – successor of three other Northeast magazines.

Raised on a grain and beef farm, he double-majored in Animal Science and Ag Journalism at Iowa State. His passion for helping farmers and farm management skills led to his family farm's first 209-bushel corn yield average in 1989.

John's personal and professional missions are an integral part of American Agriculturist's mission: To anticipate and explore tomorrow's farming needs and encourage positive change to keep family, profit and pride in farming.

John co-founded Pennsylvania Farm Link, a non-profit dedicated to helping young farmers start farming. It was responsible for creating three innovative state-supported low-interest loan programs and two "Farms for the Future" conferences.

His publications have received countless awards, including the 2000 Folio "Gold Award" for editorial excellence, the 2001 and 2008 National Association of Ag Journalists' Mackiewicz Award, several American Agricultural Editors' "Oscars" plus many ag media awards from the New York State Agricultural Society.

Vogel is a three-time winner of the Northeast Farm Communicators' Farm Communicator of the Year award. He's a National 4-H Foundation Distinguished Alumni and an honorary member of Alpha Zeta, and board member of Christian Farmers Outreach.

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