January 13, 2015
Southeast row crop production was a mixed bag in 2014. Some record average yields were hit in some states, while total 2014 production dropped for some crops in some states.
Here are the estimated numbers by state, according to the USDA crop report released Jan. 12:
Corn for grain production totaled 45.3 million bushels, up 4 percent from 2013. The 2014 corn yield average was a record high at 159 bushels per acre. Cotton acreage at 350,000 was down 4 percent from 2013. Cotton production is estimated at 660,000 bales, 12 percent above 2013. Hay production totaled 2.10 million tons from 750,000 acres. Peanut planted area was up 25 percent with production totaling 554 million pounds, up 13 percent from 2013. Soybean planted and harvested acreages were up 10 percent from 2013 while production was up 2 percent from last year.
Corn planted for all purposes was 75,000 acres is down 35 percent from 2013. Area harvested for grain was 40,000, down 49 percent from last year. While yield is a record high 135 bushels per acre, production was down 48 percent from 2013. Cotton planted acreage at 107,000 acres was down 18 percent from last year. The 2014 cotton production is estimated at 200,000 bales, 14 percent above last year. Hay production totaled 832,000 tons from 320,000 acres. Peanut planted area was 25 percent with production totaling 668 million pounds, up 29 percent from 2013. Soybean production was 1.59 million bushels with a record high yield of 43 bushels per acre.
Corn for grain production totaled 52.7 million bushels, down 35 percent from 2013. Cotton planted and harvested acreage was up slightly from last year while production, at 2.50 million bales, was up 8 percent from 2013. Hay production totaled 1.50 million tons from 580,000 acres. Peanut planted area was up 40 percent with production totaling 2.42 billion pounds, up 28 percent from 2013. Soybean acreage was up 28 percent from last year, while acres harvested are up 26 percent. Soybeans production at 11.6 million bushels is up 25 percent from 2013. Tobacco production totaled 34.5 million pounds, 54 percent above last year.
Corn for grain totaled 32.8 million bushels, down 24 percent from 2013. Cotton planted area, estimated at 280,000 acres, was up 9 percent from last year. Harvested area, at 278,000 acres, was up 11 percent from last year. Production is estimated at 520,000 bales, 44 percent above last year. Hay production totaled 621,000 tons from 270,000 acres. Peanut planted area was up 38 percent with production totaling 410 million pounds, up 50 percent from 2013. Soybean planted acreage is up 41 percent from 2013. With a record high yield of 35 bushels per acre, the 2014 production at 15.4 million bushels is up 74 percent from last year. Tobacco production totaled 33.2 million pounds, 35 percent above last year.
Corn production in Kentucky is estimated at 226 million bushels, up 2 percent from the November forecast, but down 7 percent from the previous crop. Yield was estimated at 158 bushels per acre, down 12 bushels from 2013. Acres for harvest as grain were estimated at 1.43 million acres, unchanged from 2013.
Soybean production is estimated at a record high 84 million bushels, up 1 percent from 2013. Yield was estimated at 48 bushels per acre, down 2 bushels from a year ago. Acreage for harvest as beans was estimated at 1.75 million acres, up 90,000 acres from the previous year.
U.S. soybean production in 2014 totaled 3.97 billion bushels, up 18 percent from last year. The average yield per acre is estimated at a record high 47.8 bushels, 3.8 bushels above the 2013 yield. Harvested area is up 9 percent from 2013 to 83.1 million acres and is the highest on record.
U.S. corn production is estimated at 14.2 billion bushels, up 3 percent from the revised 2013 estimate. The average yield is estimated at a record high of 171.0 bushels per acre, 12.9 bushels above the revised 2013 average yield. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 83.1 million acres, down 5 percent from the revised 2013 acreage.
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