Missouri Ruralist logo

Hemp acres on rise in Show-Me State

Missouri makes the top 5 for industrial hemp acres, as much of nation experiences a decline in production.

Mindy Ward, Editor, Missouri Ruralist

May 2, 2023

1 Min Read
Missouri hemp field on sunny day
GROWING ACREAGE: This southeast Missouri industrial hemp field was one that endured last year despite struggles to capture value in the market. Mindy Ward

Missouri is one of only seven states with an increase in acres planted to industrial hemp last year.

The state’s growers planted 1,900 acres to industrial hemp in the open, up 26%. Farmers harvested 1,400 of those acres, according to the USDA National Agriculture Statistics Service National Hemp Report released April 19. Missouri is among the top hemp-producing states in the country.

Nationally, total acres of industrial hemp planted in the open was 28,314 in 2022, down 48% from the previous year. Harvested acres nationally dropped by 45% to 18,251.

Here’s how the top 5 hemp producing states fared in 2022:

Money talks

The value of the industrial hemp crop also declined in 2022, down 70% to $212 million.

Values of all six classes saw a dramatic reduction, with the largest being 96% in seed hemp grown in the open. Last year, that value was at just $1.48 million.

The hemp product somewhat holding its own in the marketplace was fiber, which saw only a 32% drop in value.

Know your hemp

There are six classes of industrial hemp production:

  • industrial hemp in the open

  • floral hemp in the open

  • fiber hemp in the open

  • grain hemp in the open

  • seed hemp in the open

  • hemp under protection

Production of industrial hemp grown for grain is calculated by region, and seed hemp is determined by a combined national total. Here’s a looking at how Missouri performed in the other three categories from 2022 and 2021 data:

Floral hemp in open. 110 acres, down from 270 acres

Fiber hemp in the open. 1,300 acres, up from 800 acres.

Hemp under protection. 46,259 square feet, a little less than half of 2021 production.

Dive deeper into the details by reading the National Hemp Report or visit nass.usda.gov.

About the Author(s)

Mindy Ward

Editor, Missouri Ruralist

Mindy resides on a small farm just outside of Holstein, Mo, about 80 miles southwest of St. Louis.

After graduating from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a bachelor’s degree in agricultural journalism, she worked briefly at a public relations firm in Kansas City. Her husband’s career led the couple north to Minnesota.

There, she reported on large-scale production of corn, soybeans, sugar beets, and dairy, as well as, biofuels for The Land. After 10 years, the couple returned to Missouri and she began covering agriculture in the Show-Me State.

“In all my 15 years of writing about agriculture, I have found some of the most progressive thinkers are farmers,” she says. “They are constantly searching for ways to do more with less, improve their land and leave their legacy to the next generation.”

Mindy and her husband, Stacy, together with their daughters, Elisa and Cassidy, operate Showtime Farms in southern Warren County. The family spends a great deal of time caring for and showing Dorset, Oxford and crossbred sheep.

Subscribe to receive top agriculture news
Be informed daily with these free e-newsletters

You May Also Like