Farm Progress

How has the farm bill fared in its first year?

Farm bil programs working wellA few concerns about county yield averagesCotton still an issue

Ron Smith 1, Senior Content Director

March 7, 2016

3 Min Read
<p>Cotton remains outside the farm bill commodity title as the program complete its first full year. FSA administrator Val Dolcini says overall the new program has been well received.</p>

In spite of a few glitches, the Agriculture Act of 2014 (the farm bill) is working, says Val Dolcini, administrator for the Farm Service Agency (FSA), which oversees the program.

“Overall, the new farm program has been very successful,” he said in a Farm Press interview.

As expected, the legislation has not received 100 percent approval. It represents a significant departure from previous agriculture support legislation, relying on shallow loss protection and insurance-based safety nets to ease the pain for crop or market losses.

Producers have expressed disappointment over losing direct payments that helped secure financing, and some have expressed concern over payment triggers based on county averages instead of personal loss. Too, cotton farmers have found themselves out in the cold, with only insurance-based support in the form of the Stacked Income Protection Plan (STAX) or the Supplemental Coverage Option (SCO).

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The Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and the Price Loss Coverage (PLC) options have paid out more than $5 billion so far, Dolcin says, mostly to farmers who chose ARC, which accounts for more than $4 billion in disbursements.

“Most producers selected the ARC County option,” he notes. “PLC has been more popular in the South, including peanut farmers.”

ARC individual, he says, has not been widely chosen because of the increased complexity.

He says a strong push by numerous agencies prior to program signup helped avoid a lot of potential pitfalls in the program’s first full year. “Public outreach was crucial,” he says. The Cooperative Extension Service, USDA, agricultural industries, and commodity and farm associations worked together to develop and present information on the new programs. Countless meetings, postcards, and decision aid tools developed by Texas A&M and other Land Grant universities all played significant roles in providing necessary information to help farmers understand PLC and ARC and then make informed decisions.


“We have a lot of people signed up for a successful program,” Dolcini says. “The real heroes now are the county FSA staffs who administer the programs and make them work.”

Early complaints have included problems with administrative versus physical county designations, he says, specifically regarding which county holds the records when a producer farms in two or more counties. That issue is being addressed.

Also of concern is county yield issues. Some growers may have suffered substantial individual crop losses, but didn’t qualify for ARC payments because the county didn’t suffer a deep enough loss to trigger support. Some have expressed frustration that nearby counties, with similar in-season climate conditions, did get payments.

“This speaks to the need to complete the National Agricultural Statistics Service surveys,” Dolcini says. Accurate NASS data is crucial to determining the correct county yield levels.

“Yields will vary from year to year, so NASS data are very important.” Without adequate NASS yield estimates, the next step is Risk Management Agency (RMA) reports.


Dolcini concedes that cotton farmers are “having a rough time,” and reminds them that the FSA loan team is available to “work with them to restructure loans. The cotton transition program has been helpful, as have the certificates.”

USDA is aware of the plight of cotton farmers, he sayd, and will look for ways to help.

A breakdown of farm bill payments shows that ARC has paid out $4.4 billion nationally, with PLC paying $771 million, with a total across the country of almost $5.2 billion.

In the Southwest, Texas farmers received $113.3 million in PLC payments and $79.9 million from ARC. New Mexico totals include $2.3 million from PLC and $5.3 million from ARC, $7.6 million total.

In Oklahoma, PLC accounted for $10 million and ARC payments were about $62.6 million for a total of $72.6 million. Kansas PLC payments total $134,185 with ARC accounting for $294.8 million and a $294.9 million total.

For more information about the farm bill payments check the FSA website:

About the Author(s)

Ron Smith 1

Senior Content Director, Farm Press/Farm Progress

Ron Smith has spent more than 40 years covering Sunbelt agriculture. Ron began his career in agricultural journalism as an Experiment Station and Extension editor at Clemson University, where he earned a Masters Degree in English in 1975. He served as associate editor for Southeast Farm Press from 1978 through 1989. In 1990, Smith helped launch Southern Turf Management Magazine and served as editor. He also helped launch two other regional Turf and Landscape publications and launched and edited Florida Grove and Vegetable Management for the Farm Press Group. Within two years of launch, the turf magazines were well-respected, award-winning publications. Ron has received numerous awards for writing and photography in both agriculture and landscape journalism. He is past president of The Turf and Ornamental Communicators Association and was chosen as the first media representative to the University of Georgia College of Agriculture Advisory Board. He was named Communicator of the Year for the Metropolitan Atlanta Agricultural Communicators Association. More recently, he was awarded the Norman Borlaug Lifetime Achievement Award by the Texas Plant Protection Association. Smith also worked in public relations, specializing in media relations for agricultural companies. Ron lives with his wife Pat in Johnson City, Tenn. They have two grown children, Stacey and Nick, and three grandsons, Aaron, Hunter and Walker.

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