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February 28, 2018
Positive net farm income levels in 2018 may prove to be one of the tougher years in recent memory for Michigan producers, especially in the field crops and dairy sectors.
While this is not breaking news to anyone that farms for a living, the reality is some farms will make money and some farms will lose money this year. Farmers are evaluating what they can do to increase quality and yield, reduce costs of production, increase specific enterprise profitability, or possibly add or eliminate a segment of their operation.
To keep it simple, they are striving to streamline the management of their operation and make it more efficient.
One area where farmers can make dramatic strides to increase profitability is by increasing the quality and yield of their forages in any type of operation. Dairy operations predominantly use a base of alfalfa haylage and corn silage in their total mixed ration.
Increasing forage quality can reduce the need for purchased feed. The 2015 Michigan Dairy Farm Business Analysis Summary shows that the top 50% of dairy herds analyzed compared to the bottom 50% of herds, regardless of size, had an average of 17% less purchased feed per year. In 2016, the top 25% of all dairy farms analyzed showed a decrease of 10% in purchased feed compared to the average of all farms.
Michigan State University Extension trials have also shown that choosing an alfalfa variety or corn hybrid can lead to increases in dry matter yield by as high as 50% in alfalfa and up to 26% in corn silage when comparing the top-producing to the lowest-producing variety or hybrid.
One farm enterprise that seems poised to be a bright light in 2018 is dry hay sales, especially with a good growing season. According to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, inventories of total hay stocks in Michigan and the United States are at the lowest levels since 2012, and prices are increasing. For farmers willing to produce dry hay, there is usually a long-term commitment due to the initial cost of planting a perennial crop that also has high labor and machinery costs. This is good for those in the hay business when demand is high and supplies are low, since not everyone can rapidly switch acres towards this commodity.
To help farmers interested in learning more about the opportunities associated with managing forages profitably, MSU Extension will be conducting regional workshops during March, “Optimizing Forage Profitability in 2018.” MSU Extension specialists, educators and other guest speakers will be presenting information.
Topics will include:
• alfalfa and grass mixes for higher income and quality
• economics of HarvXtra alfalfa
• corn silage hybrids for yield and quality
• forage supply-side economics
• manure economics for forage fertility
Dates and locations include the following:
• March 13, Franklin Inn, Bad Axe
• March 22, Winding Brook Conference Center, Shepherd
• March 27, Branch County Fair 4-H Cabin, Coldwater
All locations will start with registration at 9:30 a.m. and programming from 10 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. Cost of registration is $10 and includes lunch. Registration closes the day before each event. To register, go to Optimizing Forage Profitability in 2018.
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