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Control Palmer amaranth in sorghum as soon as possible

Farmers who didn’t apply preemergence herbicides before sorghum this spring need to act fast.

Jennifer M. Latzke

July 22, 2022

3 Min Read
Sorghum damaged from drought
PALMER AMARANTH: This spring weather conditions stopped many farmers from applying preemergence herbicides before they had to get their sorghum in the ground, according to Kansas State University Extension weed specialist Sarah Lancaster. They still have some postemergence herbicide options open to them, but they need to act fast.Courtesy of K-State Research and Extension

The conventional wisdom in growing sorghum has been to start clean and stay clean, with preemergence herbicides before planting.

However, many farmers in Kansas didn’t have favorable weather conditions to apply their preemergence herbicides before they needed to get their sorghum in the ground. Sarah Lancaster, Kansas State University Extension weed science specialist, says they have options for control, but they need to act swiftly before that palmer grows too tall.

Herbicide options

Lancaster wrote about these options in the July 7 K-State Agronomy eUpdate. She said postemergence herbicide options for grain sorghum are limited, and all are most effective when the palmer amaranth is under 4 inches tall.

Some options include:

  • Atrazine. This herbicide can control sensitive populations of Palmer amaranth, and can be combined with other herbicides to enhance effectiveness, she writes. It can be applied to grain sorghum between three-leaf and 12 inches tall, or between 6 and 12 inches in western Kansas. Be sure to apply with crop oil or surfactant to target emerged weeds, and observe rate limits for your area.

  • Aim (carfentrazone). This Group 14 herbicide can be applied to grain sorghum between 4 inches and boot stage. It is less effective than some other herbicides, but it can be tank-mixed with atrazine, 2,4-D, dicamba, bromoxynil and Huskie. Lancaster warns Aim is likely to burn grain sorghum leaves, especially if applied in very hot, humid weather or if applied with crop oil or bromoxynil.

  • 2,4-D. This will be effective to control Palmer amaranth, but you should expect sorghum to respond with rolled leaves, lodging and brittle stems, Lancaster warns. Grain sorghum is most tolerant when it is 5 to 10 inches tall. Use drop nozzles; and to further avoid crop response, apply lower rates with atrazine, Aim, bromoxynil or Huskie. Crop oil in your tank mix with 2,4-D will increase crop injury.

  • Dicamba. The rates used in grain sorghum may be less effective on Palmer amaranth than 2,4-D. However, it can be applied to grain sorghum that is up to 15 inches tall. Be sure to use drop nozzles if your grain sorghum is 8 inches or taller, to avoid damaging your seed heads. Applying in hot, humid conditions can result in a crop response such as rolled leaves and lodging. Dicamba can be tank-mixed with Aim, atrazine and bromoxynil.

  • Bromoxynil. It can be applied from the three-leaf stage through the boot stage, and crop response will be less than with other herbicides. However, Lancaster warns, bromoxynil alone will not control Palmer amaranth larger than four-leaf, so be sure to get adequate spray coverage for maximum effectiveness.

  • Huskie (pyrasulfutole+bromoxynil). This is most effective when mixed with atrazine. By itself, it can be applied between three-leaf and 30 inches, and should be applied with high-surfactant-oil concentrate or AMS + NIS. Huskie will burn leaves, and that can be even greater in fields where mesotrione was applied preemergence.

If you have questions about your specific field, be sure to contact your local Extension office or email Lancaster at [email protected] More information can also be found in the 2022 Chemical Weed Control for Field Crops, Pastures, Rangeland, and Noncropland guide online at bit.ly/chemweedcontrol.

K-State Research and Extension contributed to this article.

About the Author(s)

Jennifer M. Latzke

Editor, Kansas Farmer

Through all her travels, Jennifer M. Latzke knows that there is no place like Kansas.

Jennifer grew up on her family’s multigenerational registered Angus seedstock ranch and diversified farm just north of Woodbine, Kan., about 30 minutes south of Junction City on the edge of the Kansas Flint Hills. Rock Springs Ranch State 4-H Center was in her family’s backyard.

While at Kansas State University, Jennifer was a member of the Sigma Kappa Sorority and a national officer for the Agricultural Communicators of Tomorrow. She graduated in May 2000 with a bachelor’s degree in agricultural communications and a minor in animal science. In August 2000 Jennifer started her 20-year agricultural writing career in Dodge City, Kan., on the far southwest corner of the state.

She’s traveled across the U.S. writing on wheat, sorghum, corn, cotton, dairy and beef stories as well as breaking news and policy at the local, state and national levels. Latzke has traveled across Mexico and South America with the U.S. Wheat Associates and toured Vietnam as a member of KARL Class X. She’s traveled to Argentina as one of 10 IFAJ-Alltech Young Leaders in Agricultural Journalism. And she was part of a delegation of AAEA: The Ag Communicators Network members invited to Cuba.

Jennifer’s an award-winning writer, columnist, and podcaster, recognized by the Kansas Professional Communicators, Kansas Press Association, the National Federation of Presswomen, Livestock Publications Council, and AAEA. In 2019, Jennifer reached the pinnacle of achievements, earning the title of “Writer of Merit” from AAEA.

Trips and accolades are lovely, but Jennifer says she is happiest on the road talking to farmers and ranchers and gathering stories and photos to share with readers.

“It’s an honor and a great responsibility to be able to tell someone’s story and bring them recognition for their work on the land,” Jennifer says. “But my role is also evolving to help our more urban neighbors understand the issues our Kansas farmers face in bringing the food and fiber to their store shelves.”

She spends her time gardening, crafting, watching K-State football, and cheering on her nephews and niece in their 4-H projects. She can be found on Twitter at @Latzke.

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