Hoping to head off a “rapidly emerging forage crisis for livestock farmers across the Midwest,” a multistate coalition of agricultural organizations submitted a written request to USDA Secretary Sonny Perdue on June 6, seeking approval for emergency provisions allowing the planting and harvesting of forages on prevented plant acres without date restrictions.
The request from farm bureaus in Michigan, Indiana, Wisconsin and Ohio, along with the Michigan Cattlemen’s Association, Dairy Farmers of America and Michigan Milk Producers Association, comes on the heels of two weather-related extremes.
Severe winterkill of alfalfa fields throughout the upper Midwest and record-breaking rainfall this spring not only prevented the planting of corn and soybeans crops but also prevented the timely harvest of alfalfa fields that did survive.
“Our dairy and livestock farmers are reporting a very serious forage and feed shortage for this year,” Michigan Farm Bureau (MFB) livestock specialist Ernie Birchmeier says. “We understand that portions of Michigan and Wisconsin have severe winterkill damage — as high as 80%, depending on location.”
Birchmeier says the loss of alfalfa forage and quality is compounded by concerns that delayed corn planting will take a heavy toll on corn-silage tonnage this fall.
“Forage inventories were already strained before the magnitude of winterkill damage could be determined — delays in timely corn planting only make a bad situation worse,” he says.
While current prevented plant provisions allow planting and harvesting of potential forage crops, those provisions come with some impractical date requirements for timely planting, currently Aug. 1, and a harvest date restriction of Nov. 1, which is long after a typical killing frost in the upper Midwest.
According to MFB national legislative counsel John Kran, the request specifically seeks immediate provisions to:
- Allow planting and normal harvest and grazing of forage crops or cover crops on prevented plant acreage for 2019 without penalty and without date restrictions.
- Allow harvest and grazing of forages on Conservation Reserve Program ground and all eligible acres for 2019 without penalty and date restrictions.
“Many of those same farms that lost or can’t harvest their alfalfa due to excessive rain also can’t plant corn for silage, and many of those acres will likely be prevented plant as well,” Kran says. “Many of those prevented plant crop acres are adjacent to livestock farms and could be planted to alternative forages for harvest as livestock feed, but quick administrative action is needed to allow this to happen.
“We are not asking for a permanent change to prevented plant provision but simply a one-time allowance due to the unprecedented weather challenges dairy and livestock farmers are facing across the country, along with cash crop farming operations in 2019.”
Birchmeier adds that many dairy farmers have indicated that unless emergency provisions are made in the next 30 days, cows eventually will have to be sold.
“This is not an isolated incident as this story is echoed across the Midwest and upper Midwest — in fact, the scale of the forage and feed crisis is considered unprecedented,” he says. “For many farmers, this decision will be the deciding factor of whether their multigenerational family farms continue.”