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Serving: East

Disorders, defects in head lettuce

The rainy and cold spring weather in 2010 is apparently having an effect on head lettuce quality in Salinas Valley fields.

Symptoms appear as very small, brown flecks and spots along the margins of young leaves. Affected leaves are usually found deep within the head. It appears the defects are occurring in multiple iceberg cultivars in various parts of the Valley.

Clearly this is a physiological disorder and superficially looks similar to russet spot. However most of the flecks do not occur on the leaf midribs as would be typical for russet spot.

Russet spot is caused by ethylene production and can occur in mature to over mature lettuce, especially following anaerobic conditions in the field.

In this instance, the location of the flecking along the margin of the leaf more closely indicates tipburn.

The extensive nature of the problem found from Salinas to San Ardo and the occurrence across varieties indicates that a large-scale factor like weather could be the cause. The heavy rain on April 5, followed by cloudy, cool weather may account for the currently wide distribution of the problem.

UCCE-Monterey County is conducting further investigations to more closely determine the cause of the problem.

The defects are not caused by plant pathogens. Extensive testing has shown that bacterial leaf spot, anthracnose, or other lettuce disease is not associated with these brown flecks.

Bacterial leaf spot, caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. vitians, is common this year and should not be confused with this physiological disorder. Bacterial leaf spot occurs on the outer leaves and results in large, black, angular lesions.

TAGS: Vegetables
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