USDA’s change to voluntary beef grading activities will be implemented on Dec. 18, 2017.
USDA quality grades are used by companies to provide information to purchasers about meat’s tenderness, juiciness, and flavor and are a major factor in determining the value of beef and live cattle.
This update to the standards will provide companies using the USDA grading program with additional options – dentition or age documentation – to establish the maturity of animals and ensure that cattle 30 months old, or less, are included in the youngest maturity group recognized as “beef” (A maturity). Skeletal and muscular evidence will still be used to determine maturity for those animals over 30 months of age.
Companies using the USDA voluntary grading program must do the following prior to Dec. 18, 2017:
- Provide documentation to the AMS Supervisor and Graders describing how carcasses over 30 months of age (MOA) are identified and segregated within the plant. AMS will review these procedures either during routine QSA audits or during supervisory visits.
- Plants with a Quality Systems Assessment (QSA) program (e.g., for Export Verification) will provide the applicable section from their quality manual which details this process.
- Plants without a QSA program will document their process through a Standard Operating Procedure or similar document.
- Ensure the AMS Supervisor and Graders are aware of how carcasses over 30 MOA are identified/marked. The carcasses must be identified in a manner that allows the AMS Grader to easily see the identification when presented for grading.
On Dec. 18, 2017, companies may only offer carcasses for initial quality and/or yield grading. No carcasses shall be presented for grading that were held as regrades from the previous week. These requirements are included in QAD 500 - Beef, Bullock, and Bull Grading Methods and Procedures.
Source: USDA AMS