The first week of October was and is traditionally the time to begin thinking about seeding wheat in southern Indiana. It may already be underway in northern counties, weather permitting, and may follow a week or so behind in the south.
At least that's what agronomists recommend based upon the Hessian fly-free date. They don't recommend planting before that date. Since the date is basically a historical estimate of when a certain area will experience temperatures cool enough to dissuade the Hessian fly, it is earlier in the north and later in the south. While Hessian fly is not a huge problem, some still emphasize it's important not to plant in front of that date if possible. One reason is that aphids follow a similar pattern, being more active before the fly-free date. Aphids are the vector for barley yellow dwarf in wheat, which can occur in fall and in spring.
About three-fourths of the wheat that goes out this fall as seed will likely be delivered in some sort of bulk system, according to spokespersons at Beck Hybrids, Atlanta, Ind. The trend toward bulk seed for wheat has picked up the same as the trend toward bulk soybeans and bulk corn. Fewer customers want to handle 50-pound bags.
Beck's has a state-of-the-art bagging and packaging system for bags, and still moves a large amount of seed that way. Bags are filled, sealed, conveyed onto a pallet, and the pallet is wrapped without anyone touching the wheat or the bags.
The story, however, is that more seed these days is going out in some sort of bulk delivery system, with pro-boxes, mini-bulk bags or as true bulk delivered via truck to the customer's farm.
Given the growth in size of farms, expect this trend to continue in to the future.