Cheesemaking first began in Green County in 1846 when Swiss immigrants purchased a few dozen dairy cows and herded them from Ohio to New Glarus. By 1873, the locals were churning out wedges, blocks and wheels of American, Limburger and Swiss cheese. Today you'll find more than 50 different varieties, with many available for sampling in the Cheese Tent at the festival.
Green County Cheese Days in Monroe is home to the granddaddy of Midwestern food fests Sept. 19-21.This year marks the 100th anniversary of the festival that celebrates the cheesemaking, dairy farming, and Swiss traditions that continue to this day.
The idea for the festival dates back to 1914, when some aspiring entrepreneurs in downtown Monroe were looking for a way to attract visitors and boost business. After a visit to Sauerkraut Day in Forreston, Ill., they came home inspired, with visions of cheese curds dancing in their heads.
Despite the lack of Twitter, Facebook and text messaging, nearly 4,000 people arrived by train, horse-drawn rig, and roadster. More than 13,000 cheese sandwiches were served and the program included vaudeville entertainment and political speeches. According to the local newspaper, "merrymakers danced in the street to band music all afternoon."
Today, more than 100,000 revelers descend on Monroe to polka and yodel, play alphorns, eat cheese by the truckload, and party – literally – 'til the cows go home.
Visitors will enjoy old time copper kettle cheesemaking demonstrations, cheese pairings, and cheese sampling galore. On the menu: gourmet grilled cheese sandwiches, deep-fried cheese curds, cheesecake on a stick, and Limburger "sliders." And in honor of the 100th anniversary – a "Procession of Cheesemakers" with a cheesemaker from each of the dozen factories proudly bearing their signature cheese to lend pomp and circumstance to the festival's opening ceremony.
The best of the area's bovines (Brown Swiss, Jersey, Guernsey, Holstein, Red & White Holstein, Ayrshire, and Milking Shorthorn) make the trip to the "big city" to play starring roles in the wildly popular Cow Milking Contest.
For many, the highlight of the weekend is "The Swiss Colony Cheese Days Parade" which is led by a herd of Brown Swiss cows sporting clanging bells and floral wreaths. The parade carries on the tradition of herdsmen bringing the cattle down from the Alps at the end of the grazing season – following a summer nibbling pastures of tall grass and tasty herbs – ideal for crafting delicious Alpine cheeses.To mark this special anniversary, more than 100 accordion players will play the official Cheese Days Song with the Monroe City Band. Dairy farm tours will showcase two family farms where multiple generations have tilled the land and milked the cows for more than a century. Cheese Days also features three entertainment stages with everything from Swiss alphorns and yodeling to rock-n-roll party bands. Also on the schedule – arts and crafts, brewery and distillery tours, activities for kids and antique tractors.