Canadian farmers are expected to harvest 27.7 million metric tons of wheat this year, down 26.2% from 2013's record harvest, on lower yields and fewer harvested acres, Statistics Canada said on Thursday.
Declines were expected throughout the Prairie provinces with Saskatchewan wheat production seen down nearly 27%, Alberta down 21.7% and Manitoba down 34.9%.
"The same weather problems that plagued growers on the northern Plains this spring and summer also caused trouble for farmers on the Canadian Prairies," said Bryce Knorr, Farm Futures senior grain analyst. "It's been too cold and too wet over much of their growing region, and parts of the far west also were hurt by the same drought that's affected the western U.S."
More Soybeans, Less Canola
Canadian soybean production is forecast to reach 5.9 million metric tons, surpassing the record 5.2 million in 2013. Meanwhile expected lower yields should cut canola production to 13.9 million metric tons, down 22.6% from 2013's record crop of nearly 18 million.
For soybeans, Ontario should harvest 15.8% more for a record 3.6 million tonnes due to a 21.4% increase in harvested area to 3.0 million acres. The average yield should drop 4.6% to 43.2 bushels per acre. Quebec production should be up16.9% to a record 990 000 metric tons due to a 17.8% rise in harvest acres to 836,500, while the average yield should be down 0.7% to 43.5 bushels per acre.
In Manitoba, harvested soybean acreage should be up 17.7% to 1.2 million acres, while yield is anticipated to drop 14.6% to 32.1 bushels per acre. That should put production similar to 2013's record of 1.1 million metric tons.
The expected lower canola production is attributed to a forecasted 20% drop in average yield to 32.0 bushels per acre. Saskatchewan is expected to harvest 6.7 million metric tons, down 25% from 2013, due to a 21.3% drop in yield to 29.6 bushels and 495,000 fewer harvested acres.
Alberta farmers expect a 16.8% drop in canola production to 5.0 million metric tons because of an 18.8% decrease in anticipated average yield. Harvested area should be up 2.5% to 6.2 million acres.
In Manitoba, farmers expect 2.1 million metric tons of canola, down 27.2% from 2013. Harvested area should be down 8.3% and average yield down 20.7%.
Corn Production Down
Canadian corn production should drop 19.5% to 11.4 million metric tons from 2013's record 14.2 million.
Ontario farmers anticipate a 16.8% decrease to 7.5 million metric tons, mostly due to a 15.3% drop in seeded area, while the average yield is expected to be relatively stable.
In Quebec farmers project a 19.7% decrease in corn production to 3.0 million metric tons due to decreases in harvested area, down 15.4%, and average yield, down 5.2%.
In Manitoba, production is anticipated at 739 200 metric tons, down from a record 1.2 million metric tons in 2013, as a result of a 26.7% smaller harvested area and 17.3% smaller yield.
The crop production forecasts are based on farmer surveys taken from July 23 to August 4.