Farm Progress

Crop Notes: Soybeans on track for record harvest, corn up 34%

USDA latest crop production report shows corn and soybean acres up across Missouri.

Mindy Ward

October 12, 2016

2 Min Read

Missouri farmers are on target for a record soybean harvest as the latest USDA crop production projection shows both soybeans and corn production increased from 2015.

Here is the latest from the Oct. 12 USDA Crop Production Report:

Soybeans: Planted area is estimated at 5.6 million acres, up 23% from last year. Harvested area, forecast at 5.55 million acres, is up 24% from 2015. Based on Oct. 1 conditions, the Missouri soybean yield is forecast at a record 50 bushels per acre, a 9.5 bushel increase from 2015. Production is forecast at 278 million bushels, up 54% from 2015 and the highest production level on record for Missouri.

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Corn: Planted area is estimated at 3.70 million acres, up 14% from last year. Harvested area, forecast at 3.55 million acres, is up 15% from 2015. Corn yield is forecast at 165 bushels per acre, unchanged from September but up 23 bushels from 2015. Production is forecast at 586 million bushels, unchanged from the previous forecast but 34% above last year’s production. If realized this would be the second highest yield and production on record behind 2014.

Cotton: Planted area, estimated at 285,000 acres, is up 54% from 2015. Harvested area is forecast at 271,000 acres, up 55% from last year. The cotton yield is forecast at 1,116 pounds per acre, unchanged from the previous forecast but up 19 pounds from 2015. Production is forecast at 630,000 bales (480-pound), up 58% from the previous year.

Rice: Planted area, forecast at 236,000 acres, is up 30% from 2015. Harvested area is forecast at 231,000 acres, up 33% from last year. The Missouri rice yield is forecast at 7,000 pounds per acre, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 20 pounds per acre from 2015. Production is forecast at 16.2 million cwt, unchanged from the previous forecast and up 32% from last year. If realized this will be the third highest yield and the second highest production on record.

A look at hay

Alfalfa hay: Harvested area, forecast at 260,000 acres, is unchanged from 2015. The Missouri alfalfa hay yield is forecast at 2.80 tons per acre, up 0.20 ton from the previous forecast but unchanged from the previous year. Production is forecast at 728,000 tons, unchanged from 2015.

Other hay: Harvested area, forecast at 3.20 million acres, is up 19% from 2015. Other hay yield is forecast at 2.30 tons per acre, up 0.2 ton from both the previous forecast and last year. Production is forecast at 7.36 million tons, 30% above 2015.

About the Author(s)

Mindy Ward

Editor, Missouri Ruralist

Mindy resides on a small farm just outside of Holstein, Mo, about 80 miles southwest of St. Louis.

After graduating from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a bachelor’s degree in agricultural journalism, she worked briefly at a public relations firm in Kansas City. Her husband’s career led the couple north to Minnesota.

There, she reported on large-scale production of corn, soybeans, sugar beets, and dairy, as well as, biofuels for The Land. After 10 years, the couple returned to Missouri and she began covering agriculture in the Show-Me State.

“In all my 15 years of writing about agriculture, I have found some of the most progressive thinkers are farmers,” she says. “They are constantly searching for ways to do more with less, improve their land and leave their legacy to the next generation.”

Mindy and her husband, Stacy, together with their daughters, Elisa and Cassidy, operate Showtime Farms in southern Warren County. The family spends a great deal of time caring for and showing Dorset, Oxford and crossbred sheep.

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