On Monday, Arkansas farmers were alerted to increasing rice stink bug numbers. Sent out by Gus Lorenz, Arkansas Extension entomologist, and Chuck Wilson, interim director of the Rice Research and Extension Center in Stuttgart, Ark., the alert reads:
“We strongly encourage rice growers and consultants to check fields right now that are heading for stink bugs, and realize how numbers can increase in a short amount of time.
“We have been reporting for a couple of weeks about the higher-than-average numbers of rice stink bugs, even in fields that were not heading. As the majority of the crop started heading last week and this week, the numbers of rice stink bugs in fields appears to be blowing up.
“We initiated a test last week in Lonoke County on rice that was starting to head and estimated the population at about 15 stink bugs per 10 sweeps. At three days after treatment, the untreated checks were running in excess of 100 stink bugs on 10 sweeps. In fact, many of the untreated checks were running over 200 stink bugs per 10 sweeps! Obviously, that’s a big jump in just a few days and indicates the mobility of the stink bugs and how fast the numbers can get out of hand.
“Even in our treatments in most cases the numbers were still 20-30 rice stink bugs per 10 sweeps. With a threshold of 5 per 10 sweeps (the first two weeks of heading) you can see we were still well above threshold only three days after application. This isn’t due to a lack of control, but more of a situation of overwhelming numbers moving into the field.
“In situations like the one described above, none of our treatments reduced stink bugs below treatment level. If you think about it, 90 percent control of 200 stink bugs still leaves 20 stink bugs per 10 sweeps. This means that a second treatment may be required five to seven days later to achieve control below threshold numbers. Scouting the field four to five days after application is the only way to determine if a second treatment is necessary.
“We encourage you to wait until at least 50-75 percent heading to make the first application. Based on the massive movement we saw in our plots, if you spray before heading you will likely end up having to treat again at 50-75 percent heading and then again five to seven days later.
“Stink bugs are very mobile and can move distances of greater than a mile in just a day or two. They are strongly attracted to fields as they begin to head so premature spraying won’t do you any good, in my opinion. It will only cost you additional money.
“I don’t think all fields will reach infestations like the one I described above, however, based on my observations and those of folks that I’ve talked to; the numbers in many fields are high to very high. I don’t think all fields are in this situation and we certainly don’t advocate just spraying without looking. Get out there and scout your fields and spray as needed.
“Products labeled for control include: Declare, Karate Z, Mustang Max, Methyl Parathion and Sevin XLR or 4E. All of these products provide fairly quick knockdown and should reduce populations, in most cases, below threshold. However, in situations like our trial, two applications may be required. Do some price shopping and get the best product for the price.
“Previous studies tell us that infestation levels like we are experiencing in our trial field can reduce yields 30 bushels per acre or even more. The first two weeks of heading, controlling rice stink bugs will maintain yield. The second two weeks we treat to avoid ‘pecky’ rice discounts.
“Remember we drop our threshold to one per sweep or 10 stink bugs per 10 sweeps the third and fourth week of heading. It is my understanding that several of the rice buyers have tightened down on peck, so it is very important to keep rice stink bugs at below threshold levels in the crop to maintain yields and avoid harsh discounts.
“So get out there and scout and watch for developing populations. If and when thresholds are reached take action accordingly.
“We sincerely appreciate the support provided by the Arkansas Rice Research and Promotion BoardUfor this publication. The recommendations presented in this publication are the result of research funded in part by rice check-off funds.”