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June planting report: What’s going on here?

wheat against blue sky
JUNE WHEAT JUMP: Corn and soybean plantings were adjusted only slightly across parts of the region, but winter wheat plantings were up significantly in Maryland, Michigan and Pennsylvania.
There are no big adjustments to the original Prospective Plantings report, but Pennsylvania winter wheat has the most acres since 1976.

Just like USDA’s national report, there were only slight changes to the June acreage update for the Northeast, Michigan and Ohio. But some data points did stick out.

Maryland farmers planted nearly 5% more winter wheat than was reported back in spring. They also planted slightly more soybeans.

Michigan farmers planted 10% more wheat than was originally reported and slightly more soybeans.

Ohio farmers planted nearly 6% more corn and dropped soybean acres. Wheat acreage was also up slightly.

Pennsylvania’s corn acreage dropped nearly 7%, and soybean acreage was unchanged. At the same time, winter wheat acres — 270,000 — are up 15% from 2020 and are at their highest level since 1976, says King Whetsone, director of the National Agricultural Statistics Service Northeastern Regional Field Office.

Take a look at the graphic below to see comparisons between the early spring and June reports.

Updated plantings for  Northeast, Michigan and Ohio table

NASS compiled its report by surveying 9,100 segments of land and 65,900 farm operators during the first two weeks of June.   

Nationally, the USDA now estimates 92.7 million acres of corn, up from its March forecast of 91.14 million acres and 2% above 2020. Farmers are expected to harvest 84.5 million acres, 2% higher from 2020.

Soybean plantings are now estimated at 87.6 million acres, which is 5% higher than 2020 but identical to USDA’s projections from March.

Other states’ data:

Corn

  • Connecticut: 26,000 acres, up 2,000 acres
  • Maine: 31,000 acres, up 1,000 acres
  • Massachusetts: 14,000 acres, unchanged
  • New Jersey: 90,000 acres, up 3,000 acres
  • Vermont: 85,000 unchanged
  • West Virginia: 51,000 acres, unchanged

Hay

  • Connecticut: 45,000 acres, down 1,000 acres
  • Delaware: 11,000 acres, down 3,000 acres
  • Maine: 114,000 acres, up 10,000 acres
  • Maryland: 189,000 acres, down 11,000 acres
  • Massachusetts: 66,000 acres, down 6,000 acres
  • Michigan: 790,000 acres, up 10,000 acres
  • New Hampshire: 42,000 acres, unchanged
  • New Jersey: 100,000 acres, down 6,000 acres
  • New York: 1.13 million acres, up 70,000 acres
  • Ohio: 870,000 acres, up 10,000 acres
  • Pennsylvania: 1.21 million acres, down 145,000 acres
  • Vermont: 160,000 acres, down 7,000 acres
  • West Virginia: 555,000 acres, up 15,000 acres

Barley

  • Delaware: 21,000 acres, no change
  • Maine: 14,000 acres, down 1,000 acres
  • Maryland: 36,000 acres, up 2,000 acres
  • Michigan: 10,000 acres, down 1,000 acres
  • New York: 11,000 acres, up 2,000 acres
  • Pennsylvania: 42,000 acres, down 3,000 acres

Oats

  • Maine: 28,000 acres, up 2,000 acres
  • Michigan: 60,000 acres, down 10,000 acres
  • New York: 50,000 acres, down 2,000 acres
  • Ohio: 60,000 acres, up 5,000 acres
  • Pennsylvania: 65,000 acres, down 21,000 acres
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