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Crop progress: Corn plantings pass the quarter mark

Nearly 1 in 5 U.S. soybean acres are also in the ground through the end of April.

Ben Potter, Senior editor

May 1, 2023

2 Min Read
Planter parked in field
Rachel Schutte

USDA’s new set of crop progress data, out Monday afternoon and covering the week through April 30, showed corn and soybeans continuing to make planting progress through the week ending April 30. Corn plantings are moving a bit slower than analysts were expecting, while soybean plantings came in a bit better than expected. USDA also provided updates for winter wheat quality ratings, which firmed two points last week.

Corn plantings are now 26% complete, per USDA. That’s up from 14% a week ago and one point below the average trade guess of 27%. This spring’s progress has doubled 2021’s effort so far while matching the prior five-year average. Six of the top 18 production states have only made single-digit progress, however, with North Dakota still sitting at zero.

Six percent of the crop is now emerged, up from 3% a week ago and slightly ahead of the prior five-year average of 5%. Southern states Texas (65%) and North Carolina (48%) are leading the charge.

Soybean plantings moved from 9% a week ago up to 19% through Sunday. Analysts were expecting to see progress reach 17%. It was also well above both 2021’s pace of 7% and the prior five-year average of 11%.

Other regional crops continued to make planting progress last week, including:

  • Cotton – 15% (up from 12% last week)

  • Sorghum – 21% (up from 18% last week)

  • Rice – 63% (up from 51% last week)

  • Peanuts – 8% (up from 4% last week)

  • Sugarbeets – 24% (up from 17% last week)

Winter wheat quality ratings improved two points last week, with 28% of the crop in good-to-excellent condition through April 30, matching analyst expectations. Another 30% of the crop is rated fair (down three points from last week), with the remaining 41% rated poor or very poor (up one point from last week).

Physiologically, 25% of the crop is now headed, up from 18% a week ago. That puts this season’s crop ahead of both 2021’s pace of 21% and the prior five-year average of 23%.

Click here to read more highlights from the latest UDSA crop progress report.

Read more about:

Crop Progress

About the Author(s)

Ben Potter

Senior editor, Farm Futures

Senior Editor Ben Potter brings two decades of professional agricultural communications and journalism experience to Farm Futures. He began working in the industry in the highly specific world of southern row crop production. Since that time, he has expanded his knowledge to cover a broad range of topics relevant to agriculture, including agronomy, machinery, technology, business, marketing, politics and weather. He has won several writing awards from the American Agricultural Editors Association, most recently on two features about drones and farmers who operate distilleries as a side business. Ben is a graduate of the University of Missouri School of Journalism.

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