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Corn+Soybean Digest

Nitrogen Rules Change

The standard nitrogen (N) rule of thumb, which for corn following soybeans was 1 lb. N/bu. of corn, is no longer the standard, according to Purdue University experts.

“The yield response to nitrogen is not really a straight line like the rule would imply,” says Bob Nielsen, Purdue Extension agronomist.

Purdue research has found the N rate needed for maximum yield (or agronomic optimum) for corn following soybean rotation is about 173 lbs. N/acre. But if N costs 60¢/lb. and the grain price for corn is $4, then the economic optimum rate drops to only 147 lbs. N/acre, Nielsen says. For corn following corn, agronomic and economic optimum N rates are about 30 lbs. more.

However, Nielsen points out that it's important to recognize these N rates are a midpoint and that in any given year, the actual optimum rate may vary plus or minus 30 lbs., depending on rainfall and soil types.

“If growers think they've had a lot of nitrogen loss prior to the time of sidedressing, they may want to bump the nitrogen rates up 20-30 lbs. to account for the nitrogen they've lost,” Nielsen explains. “Conversely, in a drier year where we expect much less nitrogen loss from the soil, growers may actually be able to back off those midpoint recommendations by 20-30 lbs.”

Using the midpoint numbers, the new N rate recommendations would increase the dollar return from N fertilizer by about $5/acre for corn following soybeans or corn following corn with N fertilizer priced at 60¢/lb. For a 1,000 acre farm, that's a savings of at least $5,000.

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