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NASS update on California crops

The National Agricultural Statistics Service released its latest crop update on Oct. 14.

Field crops

Wheat fields were being cultivated and prepared for fall planting. Alfalfa growers started the seventh cutting of alfalfa hay. Sudan grass and sorghum harvest continued. Rice harvest continued as fields were still maturing.

Cotton bolls continued to open; defoliation was almost complete. Fall sugar beet harvest was winding down. Safflower harvest continued. Harvest of corn for grain and silage was nearing completion. Dry bean harvest was almost complete.

Fruit crops

Grape and stone fruit growers continued to irrigate, cultivate, and treat to control diseases and insect pests. The raisin grape harvest was winding down. There were no signs of damage to the raisins from recent rains.

Table grape harvest continued with Autumn Royal, Christmas Rose, Crimson Seedless, Princess, Red Globe, and Summer Royal as the major varieties picked. Good quality was reported. Wine and juice grape harvests continued.

Sprauge’s Last Chance, Autumn Flame, and Carnival peaches; Angeleno, Autumn Beaut, and September Yummy plums; Flavor Fall pluots; September Red, Arctic Snow, and September Bright nectarines were all picked and packed.

Gala, Granny Smith, and Rome Beaut apples, Mission figs, and Asian pears were being harvested. Kiwi, Quince and jujube harvests continued. Pomegranate harvest continued with Early Foothill, Wonderful, and Flamingo varieties being picked.

Olive harvest began in Tulare County. Some citrus growers treated to control fungus, insects and weeds. Valencia orange harvest was still slow. Navels continued to size and mature. Mandarins were maturing and harvest was expected to begin soon. Picking of lemons continued in the desert areas.

Nut crops

Walnut and pistachio harvests continued. Almond harvest was nearly complete, with late variety shaken nuts being picked up.

Vegetable crops

Farmer’s markets were slowing across the state. In Tulare County, cucumber, summer and zucchini squash, tomato, eggplant and bell pepper harvests continued. Fall vegetable planting and preparation was ongoing.

Strawberries were showing good growth and blossoms. Fresh market and processing tomatoes, watermelon, and cantaloupe harvests continued in Merced County; bell pepper harvest finished.

In Imperial County, winds endangered seedling lettuce and broccoli crops. In Fresno County, garlic and onion harvests were slowing, while the harvests of bell peppers, carrots and processing tomatoes continued.

Fall broccoli was planted, fall lettuce was thinned, and fall asparagus harvest continued. Fields were weeded, irrigated, fertilized, and treated for insects and mildew. For watermelon, cantaloupe, mixed melon, and honeydew, harvests continued more slowly. Pumpkin vines showed good signs of growth and fruit sizing.

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