Farm Progress

US calls out Canada over dairy quotas

American officials are seeking dispute settlement talks for third time this year.

Joshua Baethge

December 20, 2022

2 Min Read
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TALKING DAIRY TRADE: U.S. trade officials want settlement dispute talks with Canada over tariff rate quota allocations measures. The dispute shows Canada may be refusing to honor its USMCA trade commitments.Andrew Fox/iStock/Getty Images News

U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai announced that U.S. officials plan to initiate more dispute settlement consultations with Canada regarding its tariff-rate quota allocation measures. They contend those measures apply different criteria for calculating the market share for different applicant segments, failing to allow importers to fully utilize TRQ quantities. According to American officials, this is a clear a violation of the United States-Mexico-Canada agreement.

“We remain very concerned by Canada’s refusal to honor USMCA commitments,” Tai says. “Rather than work toward meeting its obligations, Canada persists in implementing new dairy policies that are inconsistent with the USMCA, and which continue to deny U.S. workers, farmers, producers and exporters the full benefits of market access they were initially promised.”

This is the third time the United States has taken issue with Canada’s dairy TRQ allocation measures. Last January, a dispute settlement panel determined Canada’s measures failed to meet its USMCA obligations.

Canada subsequently revised its measures, but U.S. officials were still not satisfied. In May, the United States requested a second round of dispute consultations to address the disagreement. Since then, the U.S. has identified additional areas it says are of deep concern. American officials caution if their issues are not resolved through consultation, they may request establishment of a USMCA panel.

USMCA bylaws state that Canada is allowed to maintain 14 TRQs on various types of dairy products. On multiple occasions in 2020 and 2021, Canada announced it had set aside and preserved a portion of its quota for processers. According to American officials, this undermined the value of its diary TRQs for U.S. farmers and exporters.

The National Milk Producers Federation and the U.S. Dairy Export Council issued a joint statement shortly after Tai’s announcement commending the government for filing this latest dispute consultation request.

“It is deeply unfortunate that Canada simply refuses to honor the full terms of our agreement,” USDEC president and CEO Krysta Harden said in the open letter. “USMCA is a fair deal that was thoroughly negotiated and agreed to by the Canadian government. The U.S. dairy community is thankful the administration and Congress have taken Canada’s violations seriously and are fighting for full export benefits that the American dairy industry earned.”

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