December 6, 2022
As input prices have shot up, so have custom farming rates across the region.
New York and Ohio have released custom farming rates for 2022 based on grower and custom operator surveys done over the past year. These surveys can be useful reference guides for finding good custom operator rates next spring, or for setting rates where you farm, but keep in mind that custom rates can vary greatly depending on your location and the type of operation.
New York’s 2022 custom rate survey, compiled by Justin Tucker at Cornell Extension Franklin County, shows big increases for conventional and no-till corn planting, and combining and chopping.
Here are some highlights from the survey. All figures include the price of fuel. This survey uses the June 2022 diesel fuel price of $5.80 a gallon. We’ve also included the amount of increase compared to the previous survey done in 2020:
Corn planting: $32 an acre, up from $23 an acre
No-till corn planting: $35 an acre, up from $25 an acre
Corn combining: $45-$50 an acre, up from $42 an acre
Small grain combining: $45-$50 an acre, up from $35 an acre
Soybean combining: $45-$50 an acre, up from $40 an acre
Mowing: $18 an acre, up from $17 an acre
Raking: $14 an acre, up from $12 an acre
Tedding: $11 an acre, up from $10 an acre
Bale pickup: $1 a bale, up from 85 cents a bale
Silage chopping (tractor and chopper): $100-$125 an acre, up from $90 an acre
Silage truck: $75-$100 an hour, up from $65-$85 an hour.
The Ohio Farm Custom Rates 2022 survey — based off a statewide survey of 223 farmers, custom operators, farm managers and landowners in early 2022 — also shows increases over the previous survey, ranging from $2-$3 an acre more for tilled corn planting; $4-$5 an acre more for no-till corn planting; and $5-$7 an acre more for combining.
However, since the report was completed in July, it may not accurately reflect the spike in diesel prices as the approximate price of diesel fuel during the survey period ranged from $4.50-$5.25 a gallon for off-road (farm) usage.
Here are some highlights from the Ohio survey. These prices are averages, and include implement and tractor, if required; all variable machinery costs such as fuel, oil, lube and twine; and labor:
Tilled corn planting, 30-inch rows: $22.50 an acre, range from $17.46-$27.54 an acre
No-till corn planting, 30-inch rows: $24.40 an acre, range from $17.49-$31.31 an acre
Corn planting with fertilizer: $23.60 an acre, range from $16.06-$31.14 an acre
No-till corn with fertilizer: $25 an acre, range from $18.12-$31.88 an acre
Variable-rate corn planting: $25.80 an acre, range from $19.50-$32.10 an acre
Variable-rate no-till corn: $28.10 an acre, range from $21.57-$34.63 an acre
Soybean planting (15- or 30-inch): $22.40 an acre, range from $16.21-$28.59 an acre
No-till soybean: $23.40 an acre, range from $17.11-$29.69 an acre
Variable-rate soybean: $24 an acre, range from $18.82-$29.18 an acre
Variable-rate no-till soybeans: $23.90 an acre, range from $19.39-$28.41 an acre
Corn: $38.80 an acre, range from $26.37-$51.23 an acre
Soybeans: $37.10 an acre, range from $25.47-$48.73 an acre
Wheat: $35.50 an acre, range from $24.73-$46.27 an acre
Silage (chop, haul, fill): $10.50 per ton, range from $7.30-$13.70 per ton
Silage (chop only): $8.20 per ton, range from $6.06-$10.34 per ton
Tips for shopping or setting rates
Ohio State Extension recommends growers calculate their own costs before determining the custom rate to charge or pay. The University of Minnesota and Iowa State University have online tools that can help you calculate machinery costs.
University of Maryland Extension is finalizing its custom rate survey and will be putting out its results sometime in January or February.
Penn State Cooperative Extension reminds growers that rates can vary greatly depending on size and shape of fields, crop condition, skill level of labor, and other factors. Pennsylvania has not done a custom rate survey since 2016. However, Extension agents often point to areas outside the state as good references for growers.
About the Author(s)
Editor, American Agriculturist
Chris Torres, editor of American Agriculturist, previously worked at Lancaster Farming, where he started in 2006 as a staff writer and later became regional editor. Torres is a seven-time winner of the Keystone Press Awards, handed out by the Pennsylvania Press Association, and he is a Pennsylvania State University graduate.
Torres says he wants American Agriculturist to be farmers' "go-to product, continuing the legacy and high standard (former American Agriculturist editor) John Vogel has set." Torres succeeds Vogel, who retired after 47 years with Farm Progress and its related publications.
"The news business is a challenging job," Torres says. "It makes you think outside your small box, and you have to formulate what the reader wants to see from the overall product. It's rewarding to see a nice product in the end."
Torres' family is based in Lebanon County, Pa. His wife grew up on a small farm in Berks County, Pa., where they raised corn, soybeans, feeder cattle and more. Torres and his wife are parents to three young boys.
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