<p>A crane places stone riprap along the navigation channel in the Mississippi River at Lock 3 near Red Wing, MN. Jan. 10. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers completed the extension of Lock and Dam 3’s upper guide wall in 2012 as part of a $71 million renovation project. </p>
Optimism on waterway reforms
Spending on U.S. Corps of Engineers projects was $70 per person in 1936 and $56 per person in 1966. Over the past two decades, it has averaged $18 per person. Since 2000, shippers have seen a twofold increase in scheduled lock closures, a three-fold increase in unscheduled closures, and a 50% increase in down time.