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Serving: MO

Know your SCN numbers

fotokostic/Getty Images combine harvesting soybeans
ABOUT TIME: Right after harvest is the perfect time to test for soybean cyst nematode. After your last pass, put the combine away, grab the soil probe and head to the field.
Sample the soil for soybean cyst nematode after harvest with free tests.

The best time to test for soybean cyst nematode is right after soybean harvest, says Kaityln Bissonnette, University of Missouri Extension plant pathologist. And this year, farmers can do it for free.

Missouri farmers can submit two free tests to SCN Diagnostics through county University of Missouri Extension centers or directly to the SCN Diagnostics laboratory, Bissonnette says. SCN Diagnostics is a plant and nematode screening service based in the MU College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources.

The United Soybean Board checkoff dollars fund the free tests as part of efforts by the SCN Coalition to raise awareness of the pest. The coalition is a public-private partnership of industry representatives and university researchers and specialists, including those from MU Extension.

History of SCN in Missouri

SCN is the No. 1 soybean pest in the U.S., accounting for more than $1.2 billion in crop losses per year.

SCN began spreading quickly through Missouri in the 1970s and gained a foothold in most of the state’s soybean-growing counties by the 1990s. SCN is easily transported in soil. The cysts and eggs spread via equipment, water and wind.

Nearly all SCN-resistant soybean varieties have the same source of resistance: a breeding line called PI 88788. SCN populations are becoming increasingly resistant to PI 88788. This makes it critically important to sample for SCN egg counts every three to five years, Bissonnette says.

Courtesy Kaitlyn BissonnetteSoybean cyst nematode on roots of a soybean plant

ROOT PROBLEM: Soybean cyst nematode is seen on the roots of a soybean plant.

Resistant varieties are still effective, but more nematodes are reproducing on varieties with the PI 88788 resistance source than 10 or 20 years ago. That means your egg count could be going up faster even if you are using a resistant variety.

SCN symptoms include stunted growth and yellowing, but yield loss can happen even when there are no visible symptoms, Bissonnette says.

Management tips

There are four main ways to deal with SCN:

  • Test your fields to know your numbers.
  • Rotate resistant varieties.
  • Rotate to non-host crops.
  • Consider using a nematode-protectant seed treatment.

For more information, contact your local MU Extension center or SCN Diagnostics at [email protected] or 573-884-9118. Sample submission forms are available at SCNdiagnostics.com.

Source: University of Missouri Extension, which is solely responsible for the information provided and is wholly owned by the source. Informa Business Media and all its subsidiaries are not responsible for any of the content contained in this information asset.
TAGS: Soybeans
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