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BETTER FEED: PureStream Protein has 38% to 44% crude protein, far higher than conventional distillers dried grain with solubles, which has about 27%.

High-protein DDGS for pigs

New type of distillers dried grain with solubles is high in nutritional value for pig diets.

PureStream Protein, produced by Lincolnway Energy, contains 38% to 44% crude protein, far higher than conventional distillers dried grain with solubles, which comes in at about 27%.

As the dry-grind ethanol industry has evolved, the number of coproducts available for livestock diets has increased. A new high-protein type of DDGS, produced through front-end-back-end fractionation, is now commercially available. University of Illinois researchers have evaluated the nutritional value of the ingredient in a recent study published in the Journal of Animal Science.

“Front-end-back-end fractionation of the product involves a patented process to mechanically separate fiber based on its solubility before fermentation and an additional patented process to extract oil after fermentation. The resulting product is dried using the patented Raymond Compression Drying System, which subjects the material to very little heat during the process,” says Hans H. Stein, a U of I professor of animal science. He co-wrote the study, along with doctoral student Charmaine Espinosa.

Performed well in university tests
The study consisted of two experiments. In the first, the researchers evaluated the apparent and standardized digestibility of crude protein and amino acids in three diets: conventional DDGS (DDGS-CV), the high-protein DDGS product (DDGS-HP Lincolnway), and a nitrogen-free diet used to determine losses of amino acids and crude protein.

Vitamins and minerals were added to each diet to meet or exceed dietary requirements. Each diet was fed to six growing barrows for seven days at three times the maintenance energy requirement.

The researchers analyzed dry matter, crude protein and amino acids. They found that apparent and standardized digestibility were significantly greater in DDGS-HP Lincolnway than in DDGS-CV for leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine and glutamic acid. Digestibility of several other amino acids were greater in DDGS-HP Lincolnway, but the difference wasn’t significant.

The second experiment focused on energy digestibility. In this case, the researchers evaluated three diets: corn, corn plus DDGS-CV and corn plus DDGS-HP Lincolnway. All diets were supplemented with vitamins and minerals as needed. The researchers fed each diet to eight growing barrows for 14 days at three times the maintenance energy requirement.

Greater digestible energy
Researchers calculated digestible energy and metabolizable energy values for all diets by collecting feces and urine over a five-day period. Both digestible and metabolizable energy were greater in DDGS-HP Lincolnway than in corn and corn plus DDGS-CV, but the apparent total tract digestibility of gross energy in the two DDGS diets was less than in corn.

The conclusion from the two experiments confirms the digestibility of some amino acids and concentrations of digestible and metabolizable energy are greater in DDGS-HP from Lincolnway compared with conventional DDGS. These changes are likely the result of increased protein concentration and reduced fiber in DDGS-HP. “As a consequence, the nutritional value of DDGS-HP is greater when compared with conventional DDGS,” Stein says.

See the article on the high-protein DDGS, from the Journal of Animal Science.

Source: University of Illinois

TAGS: Nutrition
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