U.S. agricultural exports are projected to total $141.5 billion in fiscal year 2019, while agricultural imports are expected to total $127 billion, according to the latest outlook for U.S. agricultural trade by USDA’s Economic Research Service.
The $14.5 billion surplus projected for fiscal 2019 is the lowest since fiscal 2007, when the United States exported $12.2 billion more in agricultural goods and services than it imported.
Unlike overall U.S. trade in goods and services, U.S. trade in the agricultural sector consistently runs at a surplus.
While agricultural exports have increased in value since 2016, the value of imports has risen at a slightly faster rate, leading to a declining trade balance. This is further compounded in fiscal 2019 by significant declines in projected exports to China.
At the regional level, exports to East Asian countries are forecast to decline by $6.7 billion in fiscal 2019 — the result of an expected decrease of $7.3 billion in agricultural exports to China from the $16.3 billion total for fiscal 2018.
Source: USDA’s Economic Research Service