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Wheat harvest underway in Midwest

Missouri-Kansas Crop Progress: Heat advances corn crop, offers ideal wheat harvest conditions during week 4.

3 Min Read
wheat crop

Editor’s note: From May 31 through harvest Farm Progress is tracking crop conditions in Missouri and Kansas. Check back every Friday for the latest or follow along the #Grow24 journey on Facebook and Twitter.

The heat is on in Kansas and Missouri making for a hot wheat harvest but bringing needed growing degree units to corn.

Amazing! That is the word Kansas farmer Alex Noll, used to describe the transition from wheat to planting his double-crop soybeans.

Noll began and wrapped harvest on his wheat acres this week at his Jefferson County farm. That is a full two weeks early, he notes. 


He started on wheat Monday night. “We cut and run it through the dryer, switched over to plant beans and finished at 1 a.m. Wednesday morning,” he says. “By that night we had 1.2 inches of rain.”

It was just the right amount of rain at the right time, he adds.

Missouri waits on wheat

North-central Missouri farmer, Renee Fordyce was excited that first cutting hay was mowed and put up without getting wet.

She says that for farmers in the area during this time of year, getting hay harvested and out of the field in a timely manner is a challenge. But the dry weather made conditions ideal in 2024.

When it comes to corn, the heat is helping their strip till acres to take off. “It is looking great,” she says.

Related:Farmers head to fields after rain delays

Fordyce is a little behind her Kansas counterpart when it comes to wheat harvest. It is roughly a week away, she notes.


“We received a nice, easy 7/10 of an inch of rain Wednesday,” Fordyce adds, “which was a blessing to break the heat.”

National crop insights

Feedback from the Field by Farm Futures is an open-sourced, ongoing farmer survey of current crops and weather conditions across the Heartland.

If you would like to participate at any time throughout the growing season, click this link to take the survey and share updates about your farm’s spring progress. These are reviewed and uploaded to the FFTF Google MyMap, so you can see others’ responses from your own state or around the country.

Crop conditions

USDA-NASS crop condition report (as of June 17)


  • Corn: 31% fair, 54% good, 9% excellent.

  • Soybeans: 26% fair, 63% good, 9% excellent.

  • Winter wheat: 25% very poor to poor, 71% fair to good.

  • Sorghum: 89% fair to good, 6% excellent

  • Cotton: 85% fair to good, 12% excellent


  • Soybeans: 88% fair to good, 5% excellent

  • Corn: 83% fair to good, 10% excellent

  • Winter wheat: 95% fair to excellent

Want to know how these weather and crop reports may impact markets? Check out the Morning Market Review.

Related:Severe weather plagues Midwest farmers

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About the Author(s)

Mindy Ward

Editor, Missouri Ruralist

Mindy resides on a small farm just outside of Holstein, Mo, about 80 miles southwest of St. Louis.

After graduating from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a bachelor’s degree in agricultural journalism, she worked briefly at a public relations firm in Kansas City. Her husband’s career led the couple north to Minnesota.

There, she reported on large-scale production of corn, soybeans, sugar beets, and dairy, as well as, biofuels for The Land. After 10 years, the couple returned to Missouri and she began covering agriculture in the Show-Me State.

“In all my 15 years of writing about agriculture, I have found some of the most progressive thinkers are farmers,” she says. “They are constantly searching for ways to do more with less, improve their land and leave their legacy to the next generation.”

Mindy and her husband, Stacy, together with their daughters, Elisa and Cassidy, operate Showtime Farms in southern Warren County. The family spends a great deal of time caring for and showing Dorset, Oxford and crossbred sheep.

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