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What are the states with the most crop acres?

USDA’s Prospective Plantings report uncovers the top 10 states with the most crop acres for 2022.

Ben Potter

April 4, 2022

2 Min Read
Aerial view of farm fields
Getty/iStockphoto/ArtSvitlyna

The U.S. Heartland is vast – stretching for hundreds of miles in every direction. There are cities, towns, waterways, forests, mountains and other terrain that makes this country beautifully unique. There are also millions upon millions of acres of farmland.

Did you ever stop and wonder which states have the most row crop acres? Some educated guesses – like knowing the top corn, soybean or wheat production states – are easier than others. But here’s a look at the top 10 production states for multiple categories, starting with “principal crops area planted.”

USDA includes multiple row crops in this category, including “corn, sorghum, oats, barley, rye, winter wheat, Durum wheat, other spring wheat, rice, soybeans, peanuts, sunflower, cotton, dry edible beans, chickpeas, potatoes, sugarbeets, canola and proso millet.” While not every single possible row crop is included, it’s considered an acreage “catch all” for statistical purposes.

Considering those parameters, here are the top 10 states with the highest principal crop area planted in 2022:

  1. Iowa (24.410 million acres)

  2. Kansas (23.979 million acres)

  3. North Dakota (23.724 million acres)

  4. Illinois (22.940 million acres)

  5. Texas (22.261 million acres)

  6. Nebraska (19.697 million acres)

  7. Minnesota (19.351 million acres)

  8. South Dakota (17.080 million acres)

  9. Missouri (14.319 million acres)

  10. Indiana (11.850 million acres)

Related:5 graphs to explain USDA’s 2022 planting forecasts

Curious about which states top the list when it comes to corn, soybean, wheat or cotton acres this year? Here’s what USDA anticipates for 2022.

Corn

  1. Iowa (12.6 million acres)

  2. Illinois (10.7 million acres)

  3. Nebraska (9.7 million acres)

  4. Minnesota (7.8 million acres)

  5. South Dakota (6.2 million acres)
     

Soybeans

  1. Illinois (11.0 million acres)

  2. Iowa (10.4 million acres)

  3. Minnesota (8.0 million acres)

  4. North Dakota (7.0 million acres)

  5. Missouri (6.1 million acres)
     

Wheat

  1. Kansas (7.4 million acres)

  2. North Dakota (6.3 million acres)

  3. Montana (5.9 million acres)

  4. Texas (5.5 million acres)

  5. Oklahoma (4.4 million acres)
     

Cotton

  1. Texas (6.8 million acres)

  2. Georgia (1.2 million acres)

  3. Oklahoma (530,000 acres)

  4. Arkansas (520,000 acres)

  5. Mississippi (500,000 acres)

If you want to know more about your state’s farming footprint, read the entire 2022 USDA Prospective Plantings report.

About the Author(s)

Ben Potter

Senior editor, Farm Futures

Senior Editor Ben Potter brings more than 14 years of professional agricultural communications and journalism experience to Farm Futures. He began working in the industry in the highly specific world of southern row crop production. Since that time, he has expanded his knowledge to cover a broad range of topics relevant to agriculture, including agronomy, machinery, technology, business, marketing, politics and weather. He has won several writing awards from the American Agricultural Editors Association, most recently on two features about drones and farmers who operate distilleries as a side business. Ben is a graduate of the University of Missouri School of Journalism.

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