Farm Progress

Florida’s field crops suffered from extremely high temperatures during the month of August, while moisture conditions varied across the state. While sugarcane yields are expected to increase over last year, cotton and peanut yields will likely be lower.

September 15, 2010

2 Min Read

Rainfall varied throughout Florida for the month of August. Some parts of the state were saturated, while fields in portions of the Panhandle experienced drought.

High heat indices were reached during the early part of August with daytime temperatures exceeding 100 degrees for several consecutive days. Cotton, peanuts, and forage crops suffered due to extreme heat and low soil moisture.

Peanut harvest was under way for early-planted peanuts. In northern areas that received abundant rains, white mold was problematic for peanut producers. Peanut pegging was virtually complete at the end of the month.

As of Sept. 1, peanut condition was reported as 1 percent poor, 13 percent fair, 70 percent good, and 16 percent excellent.

Grasshoppers and armyworms were pests for hay producers. Deer, armyworms, and grasshoppers were becoming an issue in some soybean fields.

In the southern growing region, heavy rainfall slowed fieldwork but allowed for rapid cane growth. In addition, warm temperatures promoted rapid development in many cane fields, leaving much of the crop in excellent condition. Although producers were treating some fields for orange rust, the impact was not expected to jeopardize the crop.


Crop production forecasts

Cotton: Based on conditions as of Sept. 1, production is estimated at 130,000 bales, up 11 percent from 2009. Harvested acres are at 89,000acres, 11,000 acres more than last year. Predicted yield is 701 pounds per acre, down three percent from last year.

Peanuts: Total expected production is at 392,000,000 pounds, up 17 percent from last year. Harvested acreage is estimated at 135,000 acres, up 30,000 acres from last year. Expected yield is 2,900 pounds per acre, down nine percent from the previous year.

Sugarcane: Production for sugar and seed is estimated to be 14.4 million tons, down three percent from last year. Harvested area is expected to be 392,000 acres, 5,000 acres more than the previous year. Expected yield is set at 36.7 net tons per acre, a two percent increase from 2009.

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