Farm Progress

The state surpassed North Carolina in hog inventory and for the first time ever, attained second-place ranking in the U.S.

July 2, 2014

2 Min Read

On June 1, there were 7.75 million hogs and pigs on Minnesota farms according to the latest USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Hogs and Pigs report.

This marks the first time Minnesota has had the second largest inventory in the U.S. since records began. It replaced North Carolina in the second spot. The June 1 inventory was up 1% from March 2014, but down 1% from a year ago.


The March - May 2014 pig crop was 3.02 million head. A total of 285,000 sows farrowed, down 2% from the previous quarter. The average pigs saved per litter was 10.60 for the March - May quarter, up from 10.50 the previous quarter. As of June 1, producers planned to farrow 295,000 head of sows and gilts in the June - August 2014 quarter. Farrowing intentions for the September - November 2014 period are estimated at 290,000 as of June 1, 2014.

United States Hogs and Pigs
United States inventory of all hogs and pigs on June 1, 2014 was 62.1 million head. This was down 5% from June 1, 2013, and down 1% from March 1, 2014.

Breeding inventory, at 5.85 million head, was down slightly from last year, but up slightly from the previous quarter. Market hog inventory, at 56.3 million head, was down 5 percent from last year, and down 1 percent from last quarter.

The March-May 2014 pig crop, at 27.4 million head, was down 5 percent from 2013. Sows farrowed during this period totaled 2.80 million head, down slightly from 2013. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 48 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was 9.78 for the March-May period, compared to 10.31 last year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.80 for operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 9.80 for operations with more than 5,000 hogs and pigs.

United States hog producers intend to have 2.89 million sows farrow during the June-August 2014 quarter, up slightly from the actual farrowings during the same period in 2013, but down 1 percent from 2012. Intended farrowings for September-November 2014, at 2.88 million sows, are up 4 percent from 2013, but down slightly from 2012.

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