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Canada passes USMCACanada passes USMCA

The legislation was rushed through the Canadian parliament March 13, as part of the same motion to break until April 20.


March 13, 2020

1 Min Read
MEXICO FALLS SHORT ON USMCA: Mexico's move away from agricultural biotechnology does not meet standards set in USMCA trade agreement.wildpixel/iStock/GettyImagesPlus

By Eric Martin and Kait Bolongaro

Canadian lawmakers voted unanimously to pass an overhaul of its free-trade deal with the U.S. and Mexico on Friday at the same time that they suspended their session for five weeks due to coronavirus.

The legislation was rushed through the Canadian parliament on Friday, as part of the same motion to break until April 20.

The new North American trade deal, known as CUSMA in Canada and USMCA in the U.S., was signed into law in the U.S. by President Donald Trump in January and passed in Mexico last year. Renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement began in 2017 after Trump criticized Nafta as unfair to the U.S. and threatened to withdraw, raising the idea of chaos in a highly integrated regional economy where annual trade exceeds $1 trillion.

“It is extremely important that the Canadian parliament has taken this decision, although all of us expected that decision to come,” said Juan Carlos Baker, a founding partner of consulting firm Ansley Consultores Internacionales and one of the top officials on the Mexican negotiating team in the previous government. “It brings closure, and right now the economic conditions worldwide is in need a dose of good news.”

To come into place, the countries also need to notify each other once they’ve taken all necessary steps for the deal. It would enter force about 60-90 days after that.

To contact the reporters on this story:

Eric Martin in Washington at [email protected];

Kait Bolongaro in Ottawa at [email protected]

To contact the editors responsible for this story:

Scott Lanman at [email protected]

Anna Edgerton, Theophilos Argitis

© 2020 Bloomberg L.P.

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