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Western Farmer Stockman

For 2003 cotton crops: New varieties enhance quality, yield

Southwest cotton farmers will have a few new tools in their workboxes for 2003 as seed companies provide new varieties to enhance quality and yield. Offerings include both stripper and picker, conventional and genetically modified varieties.

Below are brief descriptions of some new products. Others will be included in later issues of Southwest Farm Press.

Delta & Pineland

D&PL has two new Deltapine and two new Paymaster varieties for 2003.

DP 555BG/RR is a new high-yielding variety that carries both the Bollgard and Roundup Ready gene. This medium-full maturity has exceptional yield potential and good fiber quality. High lint turnout.

You are seeing it advertised as β€œThe first shot fired in the Cotton Revolution.” Supply should be good in 2003.

DP 491: A new conventional variety that will be available in good supply for the first time in 2003. This variety has longer fiber, higher strength, and lower micronaire. DP 491 has proven to be a very good yielder in south and central Texas. Transgenic versions are following shortly.

PM 2167RR: A new early season Roundup Ready stripper variety for the Northern High Plains. This variety combines excellent yields with good fiber for an early stripper variety. It will also fit very well in the Kansas market. Good supply expected.

PM 2266RR: A mid-season stripper variety. Very consistent yields with a good fiber package. Should be adapted to all areas where stripper cotton is planted. Seed will be available in 2003.

All-Tex Seed

All-Tex Seed will have eight new varieties available in 2003 and one is expected for 2004. Three new offerings are Roundup Ready selections.

Atlas RR: A Roundup Ready, medium to late maturity stripper variety with excellent quality characteristics, including 28 to 32 grams per tex strength, 33 to 35 staple and 3.5 to 4.9 micronaire. Seed yield is estimated at 4300 pounds. It is rated storm proof.

XPressRR: An early maturing Roundup Ready stripper variety. It is storm proof and features 25 to 30 grams per tex strength, 33 to 35 staple, 3.5 to 4.9 micronaire and seed yield of 4800 pounds.

Excess RR: Another Roundup Ready variety with medium early maturity, 26 to 30 grams per tex strength, 33 to 35 staple, 3.5 to 4.9 micronaire and 4,600 pounds seed yield. It is a storm proof, stripper variety. Available in 2004.

Atlas: A medium to late conventional, storm proof, stripper variety with a strength rating of 28 to 32, 33 to 35 staple, 3.5 to 4.9 micronaire. Seed yield is 4300.

XPress: An early maturing stripper variety, storm proof with a 25 to 30 strength rating, 33 to 35 staple, 3.5 to 4.9 micronaire and 4800 pound seed yield.

Excess: This medium early variety features 26 to 30 strength rating and 33 to 35 staple. Micronaire ranges from 3.4 to 4.9. Seed yield is 4600. It is a storm proof stripper variety.

Quickie: A very early, stripper variety that is storm proof. Strength rating is 25 to 28. Staple is 33 to 35 and micronaire ranges from 3.5 to 4.9. Seed yield averages 4,800.

Top-Pick: A medium late variety listed as picker/stripper, it has a strength rating of 30 to 34, a 34 to 37 staple and a 3.5 to 4.9 micronaire. It is not rated storm proof.

Mas: A medium to late stripper/picker variety with a 28 to 32 strength rating, 33 to 35 staple, 3.5 to 4.9 micronaire. It is not storm proof.

Beltwide Cotton Genetics

Beltwide Cotton Genetics is a new seed company with five offerings for 2003.

BCG 24R: A Full maturity, very smooth Roundup Ready variety with a 34 to 36 staple, 4.5 to 4.9 micronaire and 27 to 28 grams per tex strength rating. It has a spreading growth habit.

BCG 28R: An early maturity, smooth variety with a compact growth habit, 34 to 36 staple, 4.5 to 4.9 micronaire and 27 to 28 strength rating.

BCG 30 R: A medium maturity, smooth, columnar growing variety with a 35 to 37 staple, 4.0 to 4.4 micronaire and a 27 to 28 strength rating.

BCG 245: This full maturity, smooth, conventional variety features a spreading growth habit, a 36 to 39 staple, 4.0 to 4.5 micronaire and a strength rating of 32 to 34 grams per tex.

BCG 295: Another conventional smooth variety with a compact growth habit, 35 to 38 staple, 4.2 to 4.7 micronaire and 30 to 32 strength rating.

Stoneville Pedigreed Seed

For 2003, Stoneville Pedigreed Seed Company plans to offer four new cotton varieties β€” a stacked, two Bollgard II and a Roundup Ready β€” for Southwest growers.

Stoneville ST 5599BR is a stacked Bollgard/Roundup Ready, medium maturity picker variety that has demonstrated outstanding yield potential, along with premium fiber qualities, excellent tolerance to the Fusarium/root knot nematode complex and good seedling vigor.

ST5599BR has performed extremely well in the Southern High Plains of Texas, especially on the sandier soils south of Lubbock where root knot nematode has been tough on other varieties.

Stoneville also plans to introduce limited supplies of two new Bollgard II varieties in 2003.

STX0102BGII and STX0103BGII (experimental numbers): These second-generation BGII varieties offer broad-spectrum lepidoptera protection, excellent yield potential and fiber quality.

Stoneville's new Roundup Ready variety was tested under the experimental number, STX0003R. This smooth-leaf variety offers excellent yield potential, and premium fiber.

Stoneville will offer some very early stripper varieties as soon as 2004.

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